- European Union Publications Office
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European Asylum Support Office (EU body or agency)
On 21 April 2016, the Council of the European Union agreed on the creation of a senior-level policy network, involving all Member States and coordinated by EASO, with the task to carry out a joint assessment and interpretation of the situation in main countries of origin. The network supports EU-level policy development based on common country of origin information (COI), by jointly interpreting such information in light of the relevant provisions of the asylum acquis and taking into account the content of the EASO training material and practical guides where appropriate. The development of common analysis and guidance notes was also included as a key area in the new mandate of the European Union Agency for Asylum proposed by the European Commission. The country guidance is intended as a tool for policy-makers and decision-makers in the context of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). It aims to assist in the examination of applications for international protection by applicants from Iraq, and to foster convergence in decision practices across Member States. The current version of the guidance updates and replaces the ‘Country Guidance: Iraq’ (June 2019). This update mainly focuses on the chapters of subsidiary protection (Article 15(c) QD) and internal protection alternative, as well as on the following profiles: persons perceived to be associated with ISIL, political opposition activists and protesters, and religious and ethnic minorities and stateless persons. The chapter on exclusion has also been reviewed and updated. Minor changes have also been introduced in other parts of the horizontal framework of the document and the analysis has been developed with regard to the profiles of women and children. These changes do not generally impact the assessment of the situation in Iraq as per the previous version of the guidance from June 2019.