Country report non-discrimination. Transposition and implementation at national level of Council Directives 2000/43 and 2000/78 : Slovakia

European Union Publications Office
Publication date:


The Slovak Republic is a country of 5.4 million people. In addition to Slovak nationals, a wide range of minority groups live in the country. The largest groups are Hungarians (8.5 %) and the Roma minority. The official number of Roma in the last census (2011) was 105 738 (2 %), although the Atlas of Roma Communities 2019 contains data on 405 024 Roma living in 949 concentrations - urban settlements. The other minority groups include Czechs, Ukrainians, Croatians, Germans, Poles, Bulgarians, Moravians and Jews. In Slovakia, many individuals and groups face serious discrimination due to some of their traits. For example, the Roma people face widespread, deep prejudice and discrimination, which exists in all areas of life and is often characterised by segregation and exclusion. Roma living in segregated settlements face an increased threat of forced eviction. In 2019, the Government of the Slovak Republic adopted an updated action plan to implement the Strategy of the Slovak Republic for the Integration of Roma for 2019–2020, which includes housing, and reiterates the importance of reducing the residential segregation of marginalised Roma communities and supporting their integration through building a system of multi-staged social housing. In 2019, the Slovak equality body published a research report mapping the implementation of the right to housing in Slovakia, which raises issues concerning this right in relation to Roma living in marginalised communities.

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