Fact-finding study on the evaluation requirement as implementation of the foreseen by the GBER and relevant guidelines. Final report, country profiles

European Union Publications Office
Publication date:



Since July 2015, evaluation has been an important innovation in the governance of State aid. Introducing a requirement for the ex-post evaluation of large or novel State aid schemes has contributed to making Member States increasingly responsible for and aware of the effectiveness of the State aid implemented. The study provides an independent fact-finding analysis concerning the implementation of the evaluation requirements; the results may contribute to the European Commission’s reflections on possible developments of State aid rules. The study is based on desk and field analyses of the evaluation organisation and implementation in the 28 MSs during the past 5 years. After mapping and describing the evaluation process in the different Member States, the study verified the coherence of the implementation with the main goals of the evaluation, the commitment to evaluate of the MSs and their implementation capacity to carry out evaluations according to the decided evaluation plans. Conclusions show that State aid evaluation works already quite well and does not need drastic changes in the future. However, improvements and reinforcements should accompany the evaluation system into a “maturity” stage that deals with the highlighted issues, and in particular: evaluation coverage of aid schemes and countries, different evaluation capacity among MSs, broadening the possible methodological approaches maintaining high quality standards, fostering a wider use of the evaluation results.

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