AuthorVasilis Karlos - Martin Larcher
The purpose of the current document is to provide guidance to security and law enforcement officials,
building/site owners, venue organizers, state organizations, engineers and other stakeholders that are in charge
of securing facilities and critical infrastructures against the growing international terrorist threat. The focus of
the report narrows down into recommendations for a robust and usable approach for the physical protection of
infrastructures against this borderless phenomenon. It addresses shortcomings encountered in the design of
such security solutions and aims at producing a simple, self-contained prac tical guide to enable the selection
and installation of elements that are able to stop and/or deter potential terrorist attacks.
A detailed analytical procedure is illustrated for identifying the weaknesses of potential terrorist targets and
assess the relevant risk for different terrorist tactics. Advice is provided for the introduction of protection
measures against both external and internal explosions and design methodologies are presented for minimizing
the likelihood for the development of a progressive collapse mechanism. Moreover, specialized perimeter
physical protection measures are proposed that may successfully restrict unauthorised vehicle and intruder
access, supplemented by the employment of modern digital technologies, such as video surveillance, smart
sensors and video analytics. The novel and emerging threat landscape is also addressed, such as the malicious
use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems, requiring new response strategies that call for the adoption of state-of-
the-art counter technologies.

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