AuthorDirectorate-General for Justice and Consumers (European Commission), ICF
Legal gender recognition in the EU: the journeys of trans people towards full equality
June 2020
This study would not have been possible without the contributions of trans individuals
living across the EU, who played a crucial role in the study, as reviewers, researchers
and participants in the consultation activities. The team would like to thank all of those
who gave their time to be part of this study, and who generously shared their personal
The research for this study was coordinated by Wester Meijdam and Nadège Defrère of
DG Justice and Consumers of the European Commission and carried out by
researchers at ICF S.A. The report authors were: Lucy Arora, Ralitsa Donkova, Hayley
D’Souza, Evelyn Jager, Nathalie Meurens, Kate Regan and Sarah Vandenbroucke. In
addition, the wider field and research team of ICF S.A. included Raffaella Di Masi,
Christina Dziewanska-Stringer, Klara Kovarova, Katerina Mantouvalou, Richard Smith,
Irina Ulcica and Dora Vajai.
The study also reflects the efforts and input of several other individuals and
organisations, including:
Senior Experts, Peter Dunne (University of Bristol Law School), Joz Motmans
(Transgender Infopunt), and Patricia Prendiville.
The study’s advisory Steering Committee, which included representatives of
Human Rights Watch Kyle Knight; ILGA-Europe 'Juliana Teoh and Cianán B.
Russell; Transgender Europe Richard Köhler and Leo Mulió Álvarez;
TransgenderNI Ellen Murray; and the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).
Laura Carter also participated as an independent expert.
Several national organisations working in the area of trans rights (or LGBTI rights
more generally). These bodies publicised the study, reviewed translations and, in
some cases, organised and co-facilitated focus groups. Particular thanks are due to:
ACCEPT (Romania), Associação ILGA (Portugal), Associazione Gruppo Trans (Italy),
Bundesverband Trans* e.V. (Germany), Centro Risorsi LGBT (Italy), Charlie z. s.
(Czechia), la Fédération de l'Autre Cercle (France), Greek Transgender Support
Association (Greece), Homosexuelle Initiative Wien (HOSI) (Austria), KLiQ vzw
(Belgium), Lithuanian Gay League (Lithuania), the Scottish Trans Alliance (UK),
Transgender Equality Network Ireland (Ireland), Trans-Fuzja (Poland), TransVanilla
The editor for the study, Gráinne Murphy.

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