Albania's relations with the Organization of Islamic Cooperation The process and advantages of this cooperation

AuthorAstrit Zharri
PositionInstitute of European Studies, University of Tirana
Vol. 3 No. 1
January, 2019
European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2519-1284
Acces online at
Albania's relations with the Organization of Islamic Cooperation
The process and advantages of this cooperation
PhD. (C.) Astrit Zharri
Institute of European Studies
University of Tirana
Based on the need for a broader and deep analysis of Albania’s relations with
international organizations, as a integration and development process, this study will
examine the relations between Albania and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation
(OIC). This analysis will consist in a geo-historical aspect, starting from the fall of the
communist regime until today. This research will focus on the commercial, political
and the economic f‌i eld, and will also analyze the reasons of its membership, the
advantages and problems during its transition period. This analytical study is based
on documents of high state institutions and articles of scientif‌i c assessments.
The organized structure and content of this research explains the intents and
purposes of Albania’s relations in accordance to internal and external development
plan. The main aims were to take advantage of the international forum, economic
and political support and seeking potential political and economic allies is one of the
main causes of Albania's membership in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
The e orts and priorities of the foreign policy of Albania were to restore the stability
in the country, facing with the challenges that arise since the isolation of the country.
This article presents the concept of Albania's foreign policy following the collapse
of the communist regime and relations with the Islamic countries, with the main
goal of increasing political-economic co-operation, which became the main agenda of
Albania's foreign policy makers.
Keywords: international organization, OIC, international relations, transition.
Given the di cult situation in all areas currently underway in Albania, the transition
from a centralized economy to the market economy is accompanied by great
economic and political di culties. The di cult conditions that Albania came out
from rigid regime, was a necessary to make steps towards strengthening the relations
with the Arab world1. The democratic processes in the country that led Albania to
great openness, and in particular to the freedom of religion, encouraged member
states of the Islamic Conference to propose Albania country as a full member. Under
these conditions, the assistance of Islamic countries on loans and funds from various
institutions was very important. The democratic processes of Albania in the political,
economic and social perspective led to freedom of religion, have driven the various
member countries of the organization like Turkey, Egypt, to suggest Albania's entry
1 Arkiva e MPEJ, Dosja 78, nr prot.1908, Tirane 1/7/1991, 80,87-88.

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