Annex 2: Methodological Annex

AuthorDirectorate-General for Justice and Consumers (European Commission), ICF
Legal gender recognition in the EU: the journeys of trans people towards full equality
June 2020
Steering Committee
The study team established a Steering Committee of experts in the field of transgender
rights. The experts played an important advisory role throughout the duration of the
study, in particular attending meetings and calls on the study’s progress, and providing
feedback on draft reports and other outputs.
Literature review
A literature review was carried out at the beginning of the study to understand existing
evidence in relation to the research questions and to provide comparative or
complimentary evidence for the findings of the qualitative research strand. The
methodology for completing the literature review is outlined below:
A literature review protocol was developed and tested during the inception phase of
this study. The protocol outlined the research questions, the searching strategy e.g.
inclusion and exclusion criteria, and process for extracting and analysing literature.
A data extraction template was created and tested by the study team, using literature
from the annotated bib liography put together during the inception phase. During this
piloting, any relevant literature cited in the articles reviewed, or in the bibliographies of
articles/reports were noted and were reviewed.
The study team then followed the search strategy and undertook relevance assessments
to identify th e final sources for extraction. The final sources were then extract ed into
the data extraction template. The results were synthesised and written up. These results
then informed the analysis of the findings and are reflected in the analysis presented in
this report.
Qualitative research
The purpose of the qualitative research was to hear directly from trans peopl e about
their experiences and opinions of LGR procedures and coming-out processes, as well as
their position in education, employment and later life. The qualitative research for this
study consisted of telephone interviews, an online consultation and six focus groups. All
fieldwork for the study took place between 9 May 2019 and 20 November 201 9.
Participants were eligible to take part in the qualitative research if they met the
following criteria:
Currently identify as transgender or as having a transgender histo ry
Aged 18 years old or older
Resided in a Member State of the European Union at the time of the st udy
The process for conducting the qualitative research is summarised below:
First, an ethical protocol was developed. This underpinned all the qualitative research
activities and formed the basis of researcher training (see Annex 3). Then, a network
of national voluntary and support organisations was established by t he study
team, comprised of those working in the field of transgender rights and LGBTI equ ality
more generally. A total of 30 voluntary and support organisations become partners in
the study covering 23 Member Stat es. The partners t ook one or more of the following
roles depending on their Member State:
Dissemination role sharing the call for participation for the study with their network
Quality Assurance r ole checking translated research tools such as interview topic
guide and online consultation questionnaire
Focus group role organising and recruiting participants for a focus group in their
Member State, and acting as co-facilitators

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