Annex 9: Responses to targeted consultation question 14

AuthorFabien Roques - Helene Laroche
Pages109-112
Com bined ret rosp ectiv e ev aluat ion and prosp ecti ve im pact asse ssmen t su ppor t st udy on Emission
Trad ing Syst em ( ETS) Stat e Aid Guidelin es
109
Annex 9: Respon ses to target ed con sultation que stion
14
Tabl e 20: Responses t o target ed consulta tion question 14
Based on th e sit uation of the sector concerned, w hat is t he li kelih ood th at followi ng
th e up date of th e efficien cy benchm ark s - furth er efficiency gains will be possible?”
Sector
Su mm ary of th e r espo nse s
05 .10 - Mi ning of
har d co al
N/ A
05 .20 - Mi ning of
lignite
N/ A
07 .10 - Mi ning of
ir on or es
The secto r’s c ompe tit iven ess is diff eren t as far as pr oduc tion cost s ar e
con cerne d, w hich is d rive n by ma inly ener gy costs. Due to the
com pet itiv e pr essur es fr om fore ign prod ucers, th e sect or is con stan tly
at tem ptin g t o im pro ve co sts a nd h ence energ y ef ficie ncy. Follow ing the
up date of t he efficien cy be nchm ark s, f urt her gains coul d be possib le as
lon g as they are t echn ically and fin ancia lly feasib le. At t he sa me tim e,
m ost e missi ons a re d ue t o di rect emi ssions , so in t erm s of indir ect
em ission s int ensi ty ther e ar e lim it ed r educt ion possib ilit ies w ith curr ent
techn ologies.
07 .29 - Mi ning of
ot her non- fer rous
m etal ores
The secto r’s c ompe tit iven ess depen ds on produ ctio n cost s, w hich are
dr iven by ener gy, equi pmen t a nd l abour cost s. D ue t o th e com pet iti ve
pr essure s fr om forei gn p rodu cers, th e sect or i s con stantl y at tem pti ng t o
im prov e cos ts an d h ence e nerg y ef ficien cy. Follow ing the upda te o f t he
eff icien cy be nchm ark s, f urt her gains cou ld b e po ssible as lo ng a s th ey
are t echn ically and econ omic ally feasi ble.
08 .91 - Mi ning of
chem ical and
fer til iser min erals
Ener gy e ffici ency in t he nitr ogen fer tili zer i ndus try has signi fican tly
im prov ed i n t he la st 5 0 y ears. The most mo dern pla nts are c lose t o t he
th eoret ical opt imu m, but for th e ot hers, ene rgy ga ins a re st ill possib le.
How ever , be cause 95% of th e ene rgy costs (in cludi ng f eedst ock) com es
fr om natu ral gas a nd on ly 5% fro m el ectr icity, th e energ y ef ficien cy
im prov eme nt is no t ne cessari ly r efle cted in t he specifi c electr ical
con sump tion . Fur ther mor e, if t he ec onom ic con dit ions are m et , fu rth er
deca rbon izat ion o f t he p rocess could lead to an i ncrea se in electr ici ty
consum ption.
08 .93 - Ex tra ction
of salt
08 .99 - Ot her
mini ng a nd
quarr yin g n. e.c.
Sam e as 07. 29 - Min ing of ot her non -ferr ous m eta l or es
10 .41 -
Manu fact ure of o ils
and fat s
10 .62 -
Manu fact ure of
sta rches and
sta rch prod ucts
The secto r’s c ompe tit iven ess depen ds on produ ctio n cost s, w hich are
dr iven by ener gy a nd r aw m ate rial cost s. Du e to th e com pet itiv e
pr essure s fr om forei gn p rodu cers, th e sect or i s con stantl y at tem pti ng t o
red uce c osts and impr ove ener gy e ffici ency. Foll owin g th e up date o f t he
eff icien cy be nchm ark s, som e f urt her gain s coul d be possi ble i f t hey are
te chnica lly feasib le, but the se wo uld lead to m arg inal im prov emen ts
giv en t he effor ts alrea dy m ade on e nerg y ef ficie ncy i mpr ovem ent s. A t
th e sam e t ime, m ost ene rgy effi ciency im prov emen ts woul d im pact
dir ect emi ssions, so i n t erm s of indi rect emi ssions int ensit y t her e are
lim ited redu ction pos sibili ties wit h cu rren t t echno logie s.
10 .81 -
Manu fact ure of
sugar
Onl y sm all fur ther effi ciency gai ns ar e pos sible based on know n an d
avail able techn olog ies.

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