Annex II: Methodology

AuthorEuropean Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (EU body or agency)
Annex II: Methodology
This annex summarises the implementation and data collection outcomes
of the Fundamental Rights Survey. Adetailed description of the survey
methodology and f‌ieldwork outcomes will be available in atechnical report,
which will be published in 2021. The technical report will also describe the
pre-test FRA carried out in 2015–2016 to develop the survey questionnaire,
and the pilot that took place in 2017 to help inform the f‌inal design. The
survey was conducted in 2019.
People aged 16 years and older who had their usual place of residence in
the survey country were eligible to take part in the survey. The results are
representative of this population at the EU level as well as for each individual
country included in the survey.
The survey was carried out in the 27 EU Member States, the United Kingdom
(an EU Member State at the time) and North Macedonia (the only non-EU
country with observer status at FRA when the survey was designed).
In each country, available sampling frames were assessed before the main
data collection. The frames that offered close to 100% coverage of the
population nationwide were selected for use in the survey, to draw arandom
probability sample of respondents and to contact them. These sample frames
could include sources such as population registers or registers of addresses.
In countries where such sample frames did not exist, or national authorities
did not give access to the frames, the sample was selected in amulti-stage
selection procedure, as commonly used in surveys. The addresses of the
population were enumerated (listed) in arandom selection of areas within
the countries, partly including random route methods. This method allowed
the selection of arepresentative sample of people based on the enumerated
The survey could not access existing sample frames or use enumeration of
addresses in Germany and France. In these two countries, the data collection
used existing online panels.
In all cases, irrespective of the sample frame used, the published results have
been adjusted through weighting so that the key respondent characteristics
of the sample replicate the distribution of key population characteristics
according to off‌icial statistics (see the section on ‘Weighting’ in this annex).
Ipsos MORI carried out the main data collection. Partner agencies implemented
the survey activities in each country. TNS Kantar implemented the feasibility
study and pre-test, which preceded the main data collection. Both contractors
were selected through open and competitive EU-wide tendering procedures.

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