Annex III. Relevant case law

AuthorEuropean Asylum Support Office (EU body or agency)
Common analysis | Iraq
January 2021
Annex III. Relevant case law
Case law referenced in the common analysis
Actors of
persecution or
serious harm
CJEU, Mohamed M’Bodj v État belge, C-542/13, judgment of 18
December 2014, Grand Chamber
Reasons for
persecution -
CJEU, Bundesrepublik Deutschland v Y and Z, Joined Cases C-71/11
and C-99/11, judgment of 5 September 2012, Grand Chamber
(Y and Z)
Reasons for
membership of a
particular social
CJEU, Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel v X and Y and Z v Minister
voor Immigratie en Asiel, Joined Cases C-199/12 to C-201/12,
judgment of 7 November 2013
(X, Y and Z)
Article 12(1)(a)
CJEU, Mostafa Abed El Karem El Kott and Others v Bevándorlási és
Állampolgársági Hivatal, C-364/11, judgment of 19 December 2012
(El Kott)
CJEU, Bolbol v Bevándorlási és Állampolgársági Hivatal, C-31/09,
judgment of 17 June 2010
Article 15(b) QD
CJEU, MP v Secretary of State for the Home Department, C-353/16,
judgment of 24 April 2018
CJEU, M’Bodj
violence in
relation to armed
conflict (Article
15(c) QD)
CJEU, Aboubacar Diakité v Commissaire général aux réfugiés et aux
apatrides, C-285/12, judgment of the Court (Fourth Chamber) of 30
January 2014
CJEU, Elgafaji v Staatssecretaris van Justitie, C-465/07, judgment of
17 February 2009, Grand Chamber
ECtHR, Sufi and Elmi v United Kingdom, Applications nos. 8319/07 and
11449/07, judgment of 28 June 2011
(Sufi and Elmi)
CJEU, X, Y and Z
CJEU, Y and Z

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