Annex: Questionnaire

AuthorSansonetti, Silvia; Davern, Eamonn
Study Report on PES approaches to the promotion of gender equality
Questionnaire to support small-scale study - PES approaches to combat
Gender inequality in the labour market
The EU has made significant progress in gender equality in recent decades. Encouraging
trends are the higher number of women on the labour market and their progress in securing
better education and training. Unfortunately, the impact of the COVID-19 crisis is
endangering the improvements achieved in women’s lab our market participation and now
more than ever PES commitment is needed in this area of intervention.
Additional shortages in labour demand to those already present before th e crisis have
worsened women’s conditions. Statistics show that before the C OVID-19 crisis compa red
to men, women were less likely to work full-time, more likely to be employed in lower-paid
occupations, and less likely to progress in their careers. As a result, gender pay gaps were
persisting and women were more likely to end their lives in poverty. Expectations are now
even worse as in many Member States women have been most affected by the crisis: they
are more lik ely to work in part-time, fixed term and precarious fo rms of work and in the
sectors most affected such as the hotel restaurant and catering sector, culture and
communication, childcare/family/domestic care activities. Furthermore, the interruption of
schooling and childcare services during the lockdown has further hindered women’s
participation more than that of men, as family and care commitments are still primarily
considered women’s duties in most of the EU countries. The overall impact of the crisis has
been to push women out of the labour market: consequently, the number of inactive
women has increased.
The Commission 2020 PES Work Programme therefore included a Gender Equality Strategy
to address the key challenges that women still face, including a lack of economic
independence and reduced access to th e labour market. PES can contribute to reducing
gender gaps by applying a gender lens in their services such as career guidance,
counselling, ALMPs and raising the awareness of stakeholders (in particular employers)
and wider society.
The aim of this small-scale study is to explore the role and activities of PES in: alleviating
labour market gender inequality, contributing to national gender equa lity strategic
frameworks and applying measures which address women’s labour market integration and
enhance their employability. The study is also intended to identify promising and good PES
Thank you for agreeing to contribute to th is study by filling in this survey. It will take you
a maximum of approxi mately 30 minutes. Your response will be central to obt aining an
overview on existing measures for all eviating labour market gend er i nequalities. Pl ease
provide as much detail as is needed to explain your approach.
Queries: For any queries that may arise while completing the questionnaire, please
contact Ms Silvia Sansonetti at pesnetwork@fondaz and copying to PE S- .
Deadline: Please email your response to the questions as soon as possib le and not later
than 15 July 2020 to and copying t o PES-BL- .

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