Coordination at national level

AuthorKrstic, Ivana
The Office for Human and Minority Rights, which was established in August 2012, provides
expert services to the Government and relevant ministries related to the protection and
promotion of human and minority rights;262 monitors the compliance of national legislation
with international treaties and other international acts on human and minority rights; takes
initiatives to amend national legislation; deals with general issues relating to the status of
people belonging to national minorities; monitors the status of people belonging to national
minorities living in the territory of the Republic of Serbia; and monitors the exercise of
minority rights.
The Government adopted the Strategy for the Prevention of and Protection from
Discrimination on 27 Ju ne 2013 and the associated Action Plan on 2 October 2014. The
Strategy was presented as a system of public policy measures and instruments which
Serbia needs to implement with the aim of redu cing all forms and types of discrimination.
The Strategy was adopt ed for th e period from 2013 to 2018 with the ai m of preventing
discrimination and improving the situation of nine vulnerable groups (women; children;
people with disabilities; senior citizens; LGBTI people; national minorities; refugees,
internally displaced persons and other vulnerable migrants; people whose health condition
may be grounds for discrimination; and members of religious communit ies) who are most
often exposed to discrimination.263
The Commissioner for the Protection of Equality, the Office for Human and Minority Rights
and the Council for National Minorities were involved in the implementation of the Strategy.
The Action Plan for the implementation of the Strategy was adopted for the period from
2014 to 2018. The framework for the implementation of strategic obj ectives was set out
in the Action Plan, with the aim of enabling the realisation of the objectives and measures
established by the Strategy and systematic monitoring of their implementation. The Action
Plan envisaged specific measures and actions n ecessary for the realisation of st rategic
objectives, deadlines, responsible entities and resources for implement ation. It also
defined the indicators of the fulfilment of a ctivities, based on the monitoring of the extent
of their implement ation that will be conducted, as well as indicators for evaluating the
objectives and the resources necessary for the achievement of established measures. In
order to assist the Sector for Anti-Discrimination Policy and Improvement of Gender
Equality which was established in 2017 within the Ministry of Labour, Employment,
Veteran and Social Affairs to draft the new strategy, the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rig hts prepared a baseline study f rom September to December
2018. However, the work on a new strategy is still in progress and the new document was
not finalised and adopted until the end of December 2019.264 The Ministry of Labour,
Employment, Veterans and Social Affairs has so far adopted only a baseline study for t he
new strategy.265
It is important to underline that the Commissioner for the Protection of Equality cooperates
closely with the National Assembly, representatives of the judiciary, local self-government
units, CSOs and international organisations.
262 The Office for Human and Minority Rights can lend expertise to all ministries dealing with human rights
issues, but assistance in that regard is given mainly to the Ministry of Labour, Employment, Veteran and
Social Affairs; the Ministry of Justice; the Ministry of the Interior; the Ministry of Health; and the Ministry of
Education, Science and Technological Development.
263 A follow-up assessment of the implementation of the strategy was performed between June and October
2017, and six reports were prepared, the last covering the period from February to September 2018. In
August 2019, an analysis of the effects of the strategy was adopted by the Ministry of Labour, Employment,
Veteran and Social Affairs. These reports can be found at:
264 No new strategy was adopted in 2019; as the previous document has expired, there are no strategic aims
identified and no action plan activities for their realisation stipulated in order to further improve the position
of the most vulnerable groups in Serbia.
265 Ministry of Labour, Employment, Veteran and Social Affairs, Baseline study for the new a for the new
Strategy on Prevention of and Protection from Discrimination 2020-2025 (Analiza efekata, odnosno polazne
osnove za izradu nove Strategije prevencije i zaštite od diskriminacije нлнл-2025), 20 August 2019.

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