Directive 2007/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the exercise of certain rights of shareholders in listed companies

Published date14 July 2007
Subject MatterMercato interno - Principi,ravvicinamento delle legislazioni,investimenti,Marché intérieur - Principes,rapprochement des législations,investissements,Mercado interior - Principios,aproximación de las legislaciones,inversiones
Official Gazette PublicationGazzetta ufficiale dell’Unione europea, L 184, 14 luglio 2007,Journal officiel de l’Union européenne, L 184, 14 juillet 2007,Diario Oficial de la Unión Europea, L 184, 14 de julio de 2007
Consolidated TEXT: 32007L0036 — EN — 12.08.2022

02007L0036 — EN — 12.08.2022 — 003.001


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►B DIRECTIVE 2007/36/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 July 2007 on the exercise of certain rights of shareholders in listed companies (OJ L 184 14.7.2007, p. 17)

Amended by:

Official Journal
No page date
►M1 DIRECTIVE 2014/59/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 15 May 2014 L 173 190 12.6.2014
►M2 DIRECTIVE (EU) 2017/828 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 May 2017 L 132 1 20.5.2017
►M3 REGULATION (EU) 2021/23 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 16 December 2020 L 22 1 22.1.2021




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DIRECTIVE 2007/36/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 11 July 2007

on the exercise of certain rights of shareholders in listed companies



CHAPTER I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Subject-matter and scope

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1.
This Directive establishes requirements in relation to the exercise of certain shareholder rights attached to voting shares in relation to general meetings of companies which have their registered office in a Member State and the shares of which are admitted to trading on a regulated market situated or operating within a Member State. It also establishes specific requirements in order to encourage shareholder engagement, in particular in the long term. Those specific requirements apply in relation to identification of shareholders, transmission of information, facilitation of exercise of shareholders rights, transparency of institutional investors, asset managers and proxy advisors, remuneration of directors and related party transactions.
2.
The Member State competent to regulate matters covered in this Directive shall be the Member State in which the company has its registered office, and references to the ‘applicable law’ are references to the law of that Member State.

For the purpose of application of Chapter Ib, the competent Member State shall be defined as follows:

(a)

for institutional investors and asset managers, the home Member State as defined in any applicable sector-specific Union legislative act;

(b)

for proxy advisors, the Member State in which the proxy advisor has its registered office, or, where the proxy advisor does not have its registered office in a Member State, the Member State in which the proxy advisor has its head office, or, where the proxy advisor has neither its registered office nor its head office in a Member State, the Member State in which the proxy advisor has an establishment.

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3.

Member States may exempt from this Directive the following types of companies:

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(a)

undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (UCITS) within the meaning of Article 1(2) of Directive 2009/65/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 1 );

(b)

collective investment undertakings within the meaning of point (a) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2011/61/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 2 );

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(c)

cooperative societies.

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3a.
The companies referred to in paragraph 3 shall not be exempted from the provisions laid down in Chapter Ib.

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4.
Member States shall ensure that this Directive does not apply in the case of the application of resolution tools, powers and mechanisms provided for in Title IV of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 3 ) or in Title V of Regulation (EU) 2021/23 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 4 ).

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5.
Chapter Ia shall apply to intermediaries in so far they provide services to shareholders or other intermediaries with respect to shares of companies which have their registered office in a Member State and the shares of which are admitted to trading on a regulated market situated or operating within a Member State.
6.

Chapter Ib shall apply to:

(a)

institutional investors, to the extent that they invest directly or through an asset manager in shares traded on a regulated market;

(b)

asset managers, to the extent that they invest in such shares on behalf of investors; and

(c)

proxy advisors, to the extent that they provide services to shareholders with respect to shares of companies which have their registered office in a Member State and the shares of which are admitted to trading on a regulated market situated or operating within a Member State.

7.
The provisions of this Directive are without prejudice to the provisions laid down in any sector-specific Union legislative act regulating specific types of company or specific types of entity. Where this Directive provides for more specific rules or adds requirements compared to the provisions laid down by any sector-specific Union legislative act, those provisions shall be applied in conjunction with the provisions of this Directive.

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Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Directive the following definitions shall apply:

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(a)

‘regulated market’ means a regulated market as defined in point (21) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 5 );

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(b)

‘shareholder’ means the natural or legal person that is recognised as a shareholder under the applicable law;

(c)

‘proxy’ means the empowerment of a natural or legal person by a shareholder to exercise some or all rights of that shareholder in the general meeting in his name;

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(d)

‘intermediary’ means a person, such as an investment firm as defined in point (1) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU, a credit institution as defined in point (1) of Article 4(1) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 6 ) and a central securities depository as defined in point (1) of Article 2(1) of Regulation (EU) No 909/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 7 ), which provides services of safekeeping of shares, administration of shares or maintenance of securities accounts on behalf of shareholders or other persons;

(e)

‘institutional investor’ means:

(i)

an undertaking carrying out activities of life assurance within the meaning of points (a), (b) and (c) of Article 2(3) of Directive 2009/138/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 8 ), and of reinsurance as defined in point (7) of Article 13 of that Directive provided that those activities cover life-insurance obligations, and which is not excluded pursuant to that Directive;

(ii)

an institution for occupational retirement provision falling within the scope of Directive (EU) 2016/2341 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 9 ) in accordance with Article 2 thereof, unless a Member State has chosen not to apply that Directive in whole or in parts to that institution in accordance with Article 5 of that Directive;

(f)

‘asset manager’ means an investment firm as defined in point (1) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU that provides portfolio management services to investors, an AIFM (alternative investment fund manager) as defined in point (b) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2011/61/EU that does not fulfil the conditions for an exemption in accordance with Article 3 of that Directive or a management company as defined in point (b) of Article 2(1) of Directive 2009/65/EC, or an investment company that is authorised in accordance with Directive 2009/65/EC provided that it has not designated a management company authorised under that Directive for its management;

(g)

‘proxy advisor’ means a legal person that analyses, on a professional and commercial basis, the corporate disclosure and, where relevant, other information of listed companies with a view to informing investors’ voting decisions by providing research, advice or voting recommendations that relate to the exercise of voting rights;

(h)

‘related party’ has the same meaning as in the international accounting standards adopted in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1606/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 10 );

(i)

‘director’ means:

(i)

any member of the administrative, management or supervisory bodies of a company;

(ii)

where they are not members of the administrative, management or supervisory bodies of a company, the chief executive officer and, if such function exists in a company, the deputy chief executive officer;

(iii)

where so determined by a Member State, other persons who perform functions similar to those performed under point (i) or (ii);

(j)

‘information regarding shareholder identity’ means information allowing the identity of a shareholder to be established, including at least the following information:

(i)

name and contact details (including full address and, where available, email address) of the shareholder, and, where it is a legal person, its registration number, or, if no registration number is available, its unique identifier, such as legal entity identifier;

(ii)

the number of shares held; and

(iii)

only insofar they are requested by the company, one or more of the following details: the categories or classes of the shares held or the date from which the shares have been held.

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Article 3

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