European comparative law.
For Mosler, the thrust to advance European integration is what
brings these different strands together. His broad concept was by no means thought to dimin-
ish Community law: Mosler, a key legal advisor to Konrad Adenauer and Walter Hallstein,
was close to them in his political convictions as well.
This contribution will provide reasons for following this broad concept.
respects, however, our understanding of European lawshould move ahead. First, the do-
mestic and comparative componentsof European law are not of secondary but of primary
importance. Second, the core idea of European law is no longer more and more integra-
tion (ever closer union)but to provide a common legal space that advancescommon aims
under common values.This common legal space is then presented as a functional equiva-
lent to an overarching European legal order.
In this conceptualset-up, Europeanlaw pursues three objectives:it identifies this puzzling
complex of interdependent legalorders; it articulates theambition of its conceptualisation;
and it frames corresponding doctrinal reconstructions. It thus provides an analytic tool
that aims at the full picture by encompassing national, supranational and international
elements. At the same time, it has a distinct normative objective: European law is not a
neutral descriptor; rather, it takes a position and plays a performative role.
First, the ‘European law’approach pursues European unity as expressed by the
preamble of the Treaty on European Union (TEU). European unity, if in line with the
values of Article 2 TEU, presents a fundamental value itself. Although it remains open
in many respects, it is devoid neither of contours nor of many settled components. Some
can be grasped easily through comparison with other attempts at regional integration.
Second, and contrary to an idea of European law that focusses on EU law, it considers
the different domestic legal orders as the loci of most legal operations, deep normativity
and rich scholarship. It aims attruly ascertaining their astounding diversity—adiversity
of stronger and weaker states, of administrative structures that flow from English and
French to Ottoman traditions,
of unitary and federal systems, of different forms of judi-
cial review and of academic learning. If properly construed as mirroring, structuring and
guiding legal communication in the Europeanlegal space, European law will substantiate
and structure the complex ties of Europeanunity.
Third, Europeanlaw advocates scholarship thatlives up to the complexity of these ties.
This implies joining what our conventional thinking—that is, thinking in terms of ‘legal
orders’—sets apart neatly: EU law, the EuropeanConvention on Human Rights, various
H. Mosler,‘Begriff und Gegenstanddes Europarechts’,(1968)28HeidelbergJournal of InternationalLaw,481–
502, 484,500; see also H. Mosler,‘European Law—Doesit exist?’,(1966)19Curr ent Legal Problems,168–191;
similarlyG. P. Orsello, ‘Autonomiae originalità del dirittoeuropeo’,inidem (ed.), L’Italiae Europa,VolumeII
(Abete, Rome,1966), 419–433, at 422; more recently,P.C. Villalón, ‘European Essentials:A Contribution to
ContemporaryConstitutional Culture’,in H. J. Blanke, P.C. Villalónand T. Klein (eds.), Common European
LegalThinking. Essays in Honourof Albrecht Weber (Springer,2015), 27–39,at 28; B. Stirn, Versun droit public
européen (Montchrestien,2012), at 149.
H. Mosler, ‘Die Entstehungdes Modells supranationaler und gewaltenteilender Staatenverbindungen in den
Verhandlungen über den Schuman-Plan’, in E. von Caemmerer, H.J. Schlochauer and E. Steindorff (eds.),
Probleme des europäischen Rechts.Festschrift für Walter Hallstein (Klostermann, 1966), at 355–386. On M.
F. Lange, ‘HermannMosler und die praxisorientierte Herangehensweise an das Völkerrecht im Rahmen des
Max-Planck-Instituts’,(2015)75Heidelberg Journalof International Law,307–344.
For the institutional practicein the FIDE Julia Laffranque, ‘FIDE—UnitingGreat Minds of European Law:
50 Years of theInternational Federationfor European law’,(2011)18Juridica International, 173–181.
In detailM. Ioannidis and S.-I. Koutnatzis,‘The History and Gestalt of the GreekState’, in A. von Bogdandy,
S. Cassese andP.M Huber (eds.), Max Planck Handbook of Public Lawin Europe I: State and Administration
(Oxford University Press, 2017,forthcoming)
European Law TodayJuly 2016
© 2016 John Wiley& Sons Ltd.520