Executive abstract

This report presents the work of a European
Commission Expert Group established to
advise on specif‌ic ethical issues raised
by driverless mobility for road transport.
The report aims to promote a safe and
responsible transition to connected and
automated vehicles (CAVs) by supporting
stakeholders in the systematic inclusion of
ethical considerations in the development
and regulation of CAVs.
In the past few years, ethical questions
associated with connected and automated
vehicles (CAVs) have been the subject of
academic and public scrutiny. A common
narrative presents the development of
CAVs as something that will inevitably
benef‌it society by reducing the number of
road fatalities and harmful emissions from
transport and by improving the accessibility
of mobility services. In contrast, this report
applies a Responsible Research and
Innovation (RRI) approach to CAVs. This
approach recognises the potential of CAV
technology to deliver the aforementioned
benefits but also recognises that
technological progress alone is not suf‌f‌icient
to realise this potential. To deliver the
desired results, the future vision for CAVs
ought to incorporate a broader set of
ethical, legal and societal considerations
into the development, deployment and use
of CAVs.
To this end, this report presents a set of
20 ethical recommendations concerning
the future development and use of CAVs.
These recommendations are grounded
in the fundamental ethical and legal
principles laid down in the EU Treaties and
in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights
(brief‌ly described on p. 21).
The recommendations are presented and
discussed in the context of three broad topic
Improvements in safety achieved by CAVs
should be publicly demonstrable and
monitored through solid and shared scientif‌ic
methods and data; these improvements
should be achieved in compliance with basic
ethical and legal principles, such as a fair
distribution of risk and the protection of
basic rights, including those of vulnerable
users; these same considerations should
apply to dilemma scenarios.
The acquisition and processing of static and
dynamic data by CAVs should safeguard
basic privacy rights, should not create
discrimination between users, and should
happen via processes that are accessible
and understandable to the subjects
4Ethics of Connected and Automated Vehicles

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