Factors influencing a good solid waste management

AuthorAdela Cafuli
Vol. 4 No.3
January, 2019
Balkan Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2410-759X
Acces online at www.iipccl.org
Factors in uencing a good solid waste management
Adela Cafuli
Waste is an environmental issue of global interest. The economic development and
urbanization have caused an increase in the amount of waste generated, in uencing
in this way the decision makers to manage them in a proper way, by contributing in
the sustainable development of a country.
A proper waste management, seems to contribute in the three pillars of the
sustainability, such as economy, environment and society. The most important thing
is to protect the environment and people’s health. An improper waste management
leads mainly to the pollution that harms the health. Therefore managing the huge
amount of waste generated daily is a challenge for all economic agents. Solid waste
management has a long and convoluted history (Nathanson, 2015). With the rapid
economic growth and urbanization, their management has been of a great concern
and importance for a lot of countries, especially for the developing one.
The responsibility of managing waste is mainly of local governments. In developing
countries, the municipalities have been in charge of providing solid waste management
services (Al-Khatib et al., 2009). The most used ways for managing waste, such as
dumping and burning have had negative impacts in the environment and health
(Mwanthi and Nyabola, 1997; Goe , 1998; Alavi Moghadam et al., 2009; Narayana,
2009; Al-Khatib et al., 2015; Hilburn, 2015).
The issue is not only to nd the best way to manage them but also to nd the right
factors that can in uence to achieve the sustainability. Surely, that legislation has its
contribution to solid waste management, but it cannot help if it is not combined with
other factors, such as public awareness, funds, investments in infrastructure, etc.
This paper aims to analyze factors in uencing in a direct and indirect way in waste
management, especially of solid waste in developing countries, including Albania.
These include mainly economic, social, cultural, political and technological factors.
The analyze is not focused only on the description of these factors, but also in their
potentials to in uence as well as to nd the best ways to improve or raise them in order
to achieve the best solid waste management as well as the sustainable development.
1. Factors in uencing solid waste management situation in developing countries
Waste disposal in developing countries is still largely uncontrolled and a great part of
them do not have an integrated waste management system. Solid waste management
still remains a serious problem, even though, they have made e orts toward solid
waste management. It is typical that developing countries lack the nancial, human,
infrastructural, and related resources to develop e ective solid waste management
Developing countries have some common characteristics that in uence waste amount
generated and their management:
The increase of population and migration from rural to urban areas, characteristic

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