Fighting corruption by justice authorities in Prizren

Author:Driola Susuri
Position:University 'Ukshin Hoti' Prizren, Republic of Kosovo
Pages:85-95
SUMMARY

Corruption is the use and abuse of public power for private purposes manifested in various ways. The most common are fraud, bribery, nepotism, abuse, favoritism, etc. As a negative phenomenon of society,it is widespread in all countries of the world, but the rate of its rise differs. Corruption is more widespread in Southeast Europe and especially in the Western Balkans where we also are an... (see full summary)

 
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Vo
l.
6
N
o
. 2
Jul
y
, 2020
ISS
N 2410-391
8
A
cces on
l
ine at www.ii
p
cc
l
.or
g
85
A
cademic Journal o
f
Business,
A
dministration, Law and Social Sciences
II
PCCL Publishin
g
, Graz-
A
ustria
Fighting corruption by
j
ustice authorities in Prizren
PhD
C.
Driola Susuri
U
niversity “
U
kshin Hoti” Prizren, Republic o
f
Kosovo
Ab
str
a
ct
C
orruption is the use and abuse o
f
public power
f
or private purposes mani
f
ested in various
ways. The most common are fraud, bribery, nepotism, abuse, favoritism, etc.
A
s a negative phenomenon of society,it is widespread in all countries of the world, but the rate
of its rise di ers. Corruption is more widespread in Southeast
E
urope and especially in the
W
estern Balkans where we also are an integral part of these countries.
I
n order to investigate
this phenomenon, we have
f
ocused on the
ght against corruption by the justice institutions
i
n the Prizren re
g
ion.
T
he ob
j
ective o
f
the research is to hi
g
hli
g
ht the work o
f
the
j
ustice authorities, that is o
f
the Basic
P
rosecution and the Basic Court of Prizren in their proceedings related to the prosecution and
conviction o
f
perpetrators o
f
criminal o
enses sanctioned as “
O
cial corruption and criminal
o enses against o cial duty”. The research targeted the time period of 2017 and 2018
.
T
he methods used in conducting the research are qualitative and quantitative, analytical, and
comparat
i
ve
.
Based on the foregoing, the focus of the paper is to clarify the e ciency of the Prizren Basic
P
rosecution’s work in prosecuting perpetrators of corruption o enses as well as the sentences
i
mposed by the Basic Court as the preventive and punitive purpose of punishment was
a
chieved. Based on the research conducted it was concluded that althou
g
h a considerable
n
umber of criminal cases of corruption were resolved, however, the sentences imposed did
n
ot achieve the speci c and general purpose of the sentence, which had an impact on the
e
ciency of criminal prosecution developed. The tightening of punishment policies would
a
ect the strengthening of the ght against corruption
.
Ke
y
word
s
:
Corruption, prosecution, court, criminal prosecution, punishments
.
I
ntr
oduc
t
io
n
C
orru
p
tion is the abuse o
f
o
cial
p
osition and
p
ublic authorizations with the intent
to illegall
y
ac
q
uire an
y
material bene
t.
A
mong the o
cial
p
ersons and the
p
ersons
i
n
p
osition, this is
p
rimaril
y
p
er
f
ormed b
y
taking bribes, gi
s, abusing o
cial dut
y
o
r authorit
y
, and exerting in
uence (Kabashi 2008:
p
.2).
A
ccording to Trans
p
arenc
y
I
nternational, the countr
y
o
f
Kosovo in 2015 was ranked
t
he
8
5
th
com
p
are
d
to t
h
e
p
revious
y
ear w
h
en it was ran
k
e
d
t
h
e 95t
h
whi
c
h
w
as
a
p
rogress,
b
ut again remaine
d
wit
h
in t
h
e countries consi
d
ere
d
as t
h
e most corru
p
te
d
i
n
E
uro
p
e. The legal and institutional
f
rameworks are the ke
y
targets in
ghting
c
orru
p
tion. B
y
more or
f
ewer di
erences the criminal o
enses against o
cial dut
y
are sanctioned in all contem
p
orar
y
criminal legislations (Salihu & Zhit a & Hasani
2014:
p
.1203). The Re
p
ublic o
f
Kosovo also has
q
uite an advanced legal in
f
rastructure
regarding sanctioning o
f
corru
p
tion. The Criminal Code o
f
the Re
p
ublic o
f
Kosovo
that entered into
f
orce in Januar
y
2013, in cha
p
ter XXX
I
V sanctioned the criminal

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