Green Criminology and Criminological Aspects of Criminal Offenses against the Environment in Albania

AuthorEnkela Hoxha - Orkida Totojani
PositionAgricultural University of Tirana
Vol. 2 No. 2
June, 2018
European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2519-1284
Acces online at
Green Criminology and Criminological Aspects of Criminal O enses against
the Environment in Albania
MSc. Enkela Hoxha
Agricultural University of Tirana
Assoc. Prof. Orkida Totojani
Agricultural University of Tirana
Green criminology studies environmental damage, environmental legislation and the entire
regulatory framework in the eld of environment. The criminal o ense group against the
environment has occupied a speci c weight with a downward trend until 2011, where
a er this year there has been an increase in the indicators of prosecution of these o enses.
Criminological aspects of criminal acts against the environment show some characteristics that
are related to the type of o enses, the place of commission of o enses, age, gender, education,
employment etc. Some of these characteristics are considered criminogenic factors that have
in uenced the performance of criminal o enses against the environment.
Protecting the criminal justice legal environment as any other task of criminal legislation can
only be realized if environmental protection against the criminal o enses directed against
it is accompanied by and with their prevention. In addition to the preventive role that the
punishment policy itself can have, other preventive measures have an equally important
role in environmental criminality. Prevention of environmental damage should be achieved
mainly through other non-criminal measures. The methodology used is analytical, descriptive
and comparative for the o enses provided in Chapter IV of the Albanian Criminal Code.
An overview of the current situation of environmental legal protection and the role of criminal
policy in environmental protection Amendments to criminal legislation associated with the
adoption of other preventive measures will impact on more e ective environmental protection.
Keywords: green criminology, prevention of environmental damage.
Green criminology is the analysis of environmental damage from a criminological
perspective, or the application of criminological thought to environmental issues.
The term "green criminology" was used in the early 1990s, where its main purpose
was the study of crimes against the environment. This term became more common
a er the publication of an article on green criminology in the newspaper "Theoretical
Criminology" by Piers Beirne and Nigel South (1998).
According to the legislation in force, the term "environment" means natural
ingredients: air, water, soil, climate, ora and fauna in the entirety of interactions with
each other as well as cultural heritage as part of a man-made environment. Also the
protection of environmental constituents, according to this law, should be integrated,
which includes protection against pollution both separately and in combination,
taking into account the interactions between them.

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