Illegal Serbian Structures in the Republic of Kosovo Why these structures are illegal and not paralel?

AuthorBehar Selimi
PositionFaculty of Law, UBT, Kosovo
IIPCCL Publishing, Tirana-Albania
Academic Journal of Business, Administration, Law and Social Sciences Vol. 1 No. 3
November 2015
ISSN 2410-3918
Acces online at
Illegal Serbian Structures in the Republic of Kosovo
Why these structures are illegal and not paralel?
Behar Selimi
Faculty of Law, UBT, Kosovo
This paper argues that Serb structures, operating in Kosovo after the forced withdrawal under
NATO intervention of Serb-Yugoslav mechanisms of power from Kosovo in June 1999 which
marks the end of the war and at the same time the beginning of a new process of peace building,
do not represent parallel structures, rather they represent illegal structures. This paper argues
that these kinds of structures achieved to be established and being continuesly strengthened
due to multi-dimensional support of the Republic of Serbia which for its interest needed them
to undermine the establishment of functional governance overall in Kosovo but predominantly
in the Serb enclaves, and also due to UN Interim Administration in Kosovo which’s main
interest was peace and stability not functionality of governance. In this paper, it is also argued
that these Serb structures do not represent the majority of Serbs living in Kosovo because they
are incorporated into the constitutional institutions of the Rrepublic of Kosovo. Through
comparing main domestic and international documents by which UN Interim Administration
and National Institutions of Governance were established and also data gathered in the field
through different reports, this paper concludes that: these structures are unconstitutional
structures, and therefore illegal, rather than parallel structures; consideration of them as
parallel by UN Interim Administration was a mistake which negatively affected integration,
development, and democratization of a part of the Serbian community in Kosovo’s northern
municipalities; they are also supported by criminal structures which seriously impede the
exercise of state power, the legal system, and the development of democracy predominantly
in the northern part of Kosovo; and beside of political and diplomatic efforts, a state organized
force with an international support is the only answer to criminal structures.
Keywords: Illegal Structures, Parallel Structures, Serb Structures, Security, Integration,
Since the end of the Kosovo war (1999) until today, a multidimensional major problem
continues to be the full integration of the Serb minority in the new Kosovar society. While
the absolute majority of the community in other municipalities of Kosovo has become
part of institutions and new life, the rest in the north of Kosovo continues to resist all
efforts, both domestic and international, for their integration in the Republic of Kosovo.
One of the main obstacles to the realization of the integration process continues to be
access to illegal, even criminal, structures1 subsequently considered to be parallel
structures and as such tolerated on the assumption that tolerance and cooperation
with them helps keep the peace and stability.
It is precisely the origin of these structures and the dilemmas on how to name them
1 Criminal Structures are not an object of research, although they, in various ways, have been supporting illegal
structures, in particular those under the dependency of illegal authorities of northern municipalities of Kosovo.

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