Implementation of central concepts

AuthorNatalie Videbaek Munkholm
3 Implementation of central concepts
3.1 General (legal) context
3.1.1 Surveys on the definition, implementation and limits of centr al concepts of gender
equality law
Danish Institute of Human Rights (2016), Status report on gender 2015/2016.10
This report gives an overview of gender equality in Denmark in general. In particular high
level of participation of women in the labour market is mentioned as positive. At the same
time the gender-segregated education system as well as gender segregation in the labour
market are highlighted as areas of concern.
KVINFO (Danish centre for study of and work with issues relating to gender, equality and
diversity) (2018) Study on paternity leave in Denmark’.11
This information site provides information on paternity leave in general. In Denmark most
women take a leave of absence when caring for smaller children, which has consequences
for the equality of men and women with regard to equal pay and equal pension co verage
in old age.
Danish Centre for Social Science Research (2018), Report on the difference in pay for men
and women 2012-2016.12
According to the report there has been an improvement in the gross salary gap between
men and women since 2007. The report conclud es that women’s educational attainments
is one reason for this improvement. Also, an increase in the number of women in
management positions adds positively to the decrease in the gross wage difference
between men and women.
Danish Ministry of Employment (2016), Report on Discrimination in the Labour Market
The surve y give s an overview of discrimination cases decided by the Equality Board as
well as by courts from 2014-2016. The purpose of the study is to create a comprehensive
overview of the legal sit uation in this type of case and the extent of discrimination in the
labour market on the basis of the decisions requested.
Danish Institute for Human Rights (2019), Discrimination again st parents experiences
of discrimination in connection with pregnancy and parental leave .14
The report represents a survey on how and to what extent parents and expecting parents
experience discrimination on the labour market when they decide to have children and
take parental leave. The report is based on a qualitative and quantitative survey of th e
experiences of 1 589 people.
The survey concludes upon its findings that women in particular experience less favourable
working conditions in connection with becoming parents, but it could not be concluded
that the discrimination experienced is discrimination under the law.

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