AuthorNicole Mathé
1 Introduction
1.1 Basic structure of the national legal system
The national legal system in Liechtenstein is corresponding to its Constitution a
constitutional hereditary monarchy based on democracy and parliamentary governm ent.
Parliament ( Landtag) is the representative body o f the nation. Its main task is to pass
legislation. For a law to enter into force, Parliament has to approve it, the sovereign has
to give his consent and the P rime Minister has to countersign it. Finall y, it has to be
published in the State G azette ( Landesgesetzblatt, LGBl). Characteristic of direct
democracy in Liechtenstein is the fact that each law that has not been declared as urgent
by Parliament and every treaty according to international law are subject to a facultative
The main concepts of EU gender equality law have been implemented in Liechtenstein by
the Gender Equality Act (Gleichstellungsgesetz, GLG).
The court system in Liechtenstein is rather simple and sm all. Jurisdiction in civil and
criminal matters is in the first instance with the County Court (Landgericht), in the second
instance with the Appellate Court (Oberg ericht) and the court of last resort is called the
Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof). Courts of public law are the Higher Administrative
Court (Verwaltungsgerichtshof) and the Constitutional Court (Staatsgerichtshof). All courts
are based in Vaduz, the capital of Liechtenstein.
1.2 List of main legislation transposing and implementing the directives
The following legislation is also available on the Internet:1
Constitution of Liechtenstein (Verfassung d es Fürstentums Liechtenstein, LV),
LGBl. 1921/15 as amended by LGBl. 2018/470;
Act on G ender Equality Law (Gleichstellungsgesetz, GLG), LGBl. 1999/96, as
amended by LGBl. 2011/212 and LGBl. 2015/33; amended by LGBl. 2016 /505;
Civil Code (Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, ABGB), LGBl. 1967/34 (see the
currently relevant version);
Penal Code (Strafgesetzbuch, StGB), LGBl. 1988/37 (see current v ersion);
Labour Code (Arbeitsgesetz), LGBl. 1967/6;
Sickness Insurance Act (Krankenversicherungsgesetz, KVG), LGBl. 1993/95 as
amended by LGBl. 2013/6, LGBl. 2018/342;
Occupational S chemes Act (Gesetz über die betriebliche Personalvorsorge, BPVG),
LGBl. 2018/296;
Invalidity Insurance Act (Invalidenversicherung, IVG), LGBl. 2006/244;
Old-Age Insurance Act (Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung, AHVG), LGBl.
2006/24 as amended by LGBl. 2011/388 and LGBl. 2011/541 and LGBl. 2011/388,
updated by LGBl. 2018/344;
Accident Insurance Act (Unfallversicherung, UVersG), LGBl. 2006/89;
Unemployment Insurance Act (Arbeitslosenversicherung, ALVG), LGBl. 2006/155;
Marriage Act (Ehegesetz), LGBl 1993/53;
Registered Partnership Act (Partnerschaftsgesetz), LGBl. 2011/350
Commercial Code (Gewerbegesetz), LGBl. 2006/184;
Law on the Association for Human Rights (Gesetz über den Verein für
Menschenrechte, VMRG), LGBl. 2016/504.
1.3 Sources of law
Implemented by national legislation in Liechtenstein are the following sources:

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