AuthorMaillard, Robin; Zalc, Julien
This report presents the ndings of a survey of Euro-
pean citizens about their views on the Coronavirus
crisis. The survey has been conducted in three waves,
the rst taking place in April-May 2020, the second in
June 2020, and the third (the focus of this report) in
September-October 2020.
Covid-19 is a Coronavirus, which surfaced in Wuhan,
China and has rst been notied in December 2019.
Ever since, it has spread throughout the world. The
World Health Organization has declared the situation a
pandemic. Starting 31 December 2019 and as of 3 No-
vember 2020, more than 47 million cases have been
reported, including around 1,207,000 deaths. There
were around 10 million reported cases in Europe at
this time, including around 273,000 deaths1.
European countries imposed nationwide lockdowns
during March, instructing citizens to stay at home and
avoid non-essential travel. By the second half of April,
infection rates in most European countries had begun
to fall, and countries gradually started to lift restrictions
on movement outside the home, social gatherings and
opening of shops, services, schools and sport. However,
infection rates in Europe began to rise again in August,
with sharp increases in September and October. This
has led national governments to re-impose restrictions.
As for the rst wave, it is important to note that the
resurge of coronavirus infections hit Member States at
dierent moments. When the survey was conducted,
parts of Spain, France, Belgium, Netherlands and Czech
Republic were among the rst areas to register an
alarming growth in infection rates while the health sys-
tems in most Member States could still cope relatively
1 Accessed 4 November 2020
well with the number of cases. It is also important to
underline the considerable variations in the specic re-
strictions imposed by dierent countries; Sweden and
to a certain degree also The Netherlands for example
had implemented less restrictive measures than other
countries during the rst wave. Also now in autumn,
the severity of measures varies, inuencing therefore
also citizens’ attitudes and responses. In addition, the
health and economic crisis has had asymmetric eects
within Europe so far.
The European Union has been working to contain the
spread of the Coronavirus, support national health
systems and counter the socio-economic impacts of
the pandemic at both national and EU level. Meas-
ures adopted relate to the economy, supporting re-
search for treatment, diagnostics and vaccines, public
health, borders and mobility as well as and ghting
The coronavirus pandemic represents a very large
shock for the global and EU economies, with severe
economic and social consequences. The resurgence of
the pandemic in recent weeks is causing additional dis-
ruptions as national authorities introduce new public
health measures to limit the spread of the pandemic.
The epidemiological situation means that growth
projections over the forecast horizon are subject to an
extremely high degree of uncertainty and risks.
The autumn 2020 Economic Forecast projects that the
euro area economy will contract by 7.8% in 2020 before
growing 4.2% in 2021 and 3% in 2022. The forecast projects
that the EU economy will contract by 7.4% in 2020 before
recovering with growth of 4.1% in 2021 and 3% in 20223.

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