Border Procedures for Asylum Applications in EU+ Countries
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1. Introduction
Repeated calls to organise fast and efficient procedures for international protection have been made
within the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), often with a focus on the external borders of
the European Union (EU). As a possible solution, a more extensive use of border procedures has been
put forward to efficiently process applicants for international protection directly upon arrival.
Currently at the level of national legislation, EU Member States do not have a uniform way of shaping
the border procedure provided by the recast Asylum Procedures Directive (APD). As a result, national
border procedures are not necessarily comparable nor applied in similar cases.
In this context, this report gathers relevant information on border procedures to inform discussions
on the topic. As Eá“Oà à à focuses on organising, coordinating and promoting the
exchange of information across asylum authorities in Member States and between the Commission
and Member States, rather than monitoring and evaluating the implementation of asylum
procedures in practice, the report concentrates primarily on explaining the current legislative border
procedures in EU+ countries, touching to a lesser extent on their implementation on the ground.
The report explains the framework provided by the recast APD (Directive 2013/32/EU) for this type
of asylum procedure1 and provides an overview of selected aspects of border procedures in
EU+ countries,2 focusing on:
The scope of the procedure (admissibility, status determination);
Countries that apply/do not apply border procedures;
The steps in the application of the procedure;
Time limits to issue a decision;
Possible outcomes;
Safeguards provided to asylum applicants; and
Available data on border procedures.
The latest developments in border procedures at the national level in EU+ countries are also
presented, along with relevant case law.
The report concludes by highlighting points raised by stakeholders regarding border procedures in
EU+ countries. The main considerations related to border procedures are summarised based on the
experiences of EU+ countries where applicable.
For more detailed information, the Annex provides a description of the application of border
procedures in each EU+ country.
1 The recast APD applies to Member States bound by the CEAS. Denmark is not bound by the recast APD, and Ireland has
opted out of the recast APD. The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union and became a third country (non-
EU country) as of 1 February 2020.
2 Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

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