AuthorEuropean Institute for Gender Equality (EU body or agency)
A guide to risk assessment and risk management of intimate partner violence against women for police
(33) World Health Organisation (2017), Violence against women (available at
Almost 1 in 3 women in an intimate partner re-
lationship in the EU Member States has experi-
enced physical and/or sexual violence, and glob-
ally 38 % of all murders of women are intimate
partner femicides (33). Both figures indicate the
deep societal roots and persistence of gen-
der-based violence in par ticular and of gender
inequality in general.
Risk assessment procedures and risk manage-
ment strategies, when properly implemented,
can ef ficiently protect female victims of intimate
partner violence and prevent their revictimisa-
This guide is specifically centred on intimate
partner violence, since it is the most widespread
form of violence against women, affec ting wom-
ens well-being, autonomy and equal access to
opportunities. In par ticular, it focuses on risk as-
sessment and risk management processes and
practices implemented by the police.
The police are considere d to be a key actor in the
criminal justice system of all EU Member States,
since they are often tasked with the front-line
management of intimate partner violence, taking
the lead role in formal risk assessment processes.
What this guide offers
The guide to risk assessment and risk manage-
ment of intimate partner violence for the police,
prepared by the European Institute for Gender
Equality (EIGE) aims to propose how the police
in EU Member States can approach the imple-
mentation of risk assessment processes and risk
management strategies. This guide provides the
police with practical guidelines and recommen-
dations on how to develop and implement risk
assessment and risk management approaches.
The primary purpose of risk assessment and risk
management is to reduce harm to women and
children and to reduce reoffending by perpetra-
tors. Both processes are part of a sys tem-wide
response to preventing intimate partner violence
against women. More specifically, risk assessment
facilitates the gathering of detailed and relevant
information about the victim and the perpetrator
in cases of intimate partner violence, as well as
the identification of the risk level (standard, me-
dium or high). Risk assessment outcomes should
therefore be directly linked to risk management
strategies. Assessing multiple types and levels
of risk facilitates the linking of risk assessment to
risk management, helping to ensure the immedi-
ate and ongoing safety and well-being of women
and children.
Risk management of intimate partner violence by
the police is defined as enforcing the law and pur-
suing criminal jus tice sanct ions against the per-
petrator, and undertaking safety planning with
the victim. The development of risk management
strategies depends on the purpose and outcome
of risk assessment tools and if the system focus-
es on victim safety planning, managing perpetra-
tor behaviour or both. Risk management involves
various strategies to protect the victim as well as
to work with the perpetrator to create more ac-
countability and to reduce violent behaviour.
Risk management strategies adopted by the po-
lice and other services largely depend on the
level of risk assess ed. Proper linking of risk as-
sessment processes with subsequent risk man-
agement actions creates a system that builds in
reassessment as risk changes. As risk manage-
ment interventions are implemented, risk needs
to be reassessed to evaluate the impac t of risk
management strategies on levels and types of
risk as well as outcomes for the safety of women
and children. This guide sets out a method of im-
plementing risk management strategies.

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT