AuthorDirectorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) (European Commission), Landell Mills International
Final Evaluation Report: Part B- NRC Partnership Evaluation
5. Introduction
5.1. Background to the partnership
Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)
Established in 1946 to assist refugees in Europe after World War II, the Norwegian Refugee Committee
(NRC) is an independent, humanitarian, rights-based organisation committed to the principles of
humanity, neutrality, independence and impartiality. It currently works in new and protracted crises in 31
countries with a mission to protect the rights of displaced and vulnerable persons. Its programmes aim
to provide assistance to meet immediate humanitarian needs, prevent further displacement and
contribute to durable solutions. Programme focus is in the core competency areas of camp
management, food assistance, clean water, shelter, legal aid, and education. NRC is known for its
attention to advocacy for displaced people, through which it aims to alert the world to injustices and to
promote and defend displaced people's rights and dignity in local communities, with national
governments and in the international arena.122
In addition to the country programme focus, NRC established the Internal Displacement Monitoring
Centre in Geneva to be a global leader in monitoring, reporting on and advocating for people displaced
within their own country.123 It also has a facility (NORCAP) which can rapidly deploy experts from all over
the world to support the United Nations (UN) agencies and local authorities in humanitarian crises.
In 2017, NRC’s total income reached USD 490 million and the organisation employed around 14,000
staff, mostly hired locally to work in the field.124 NRC is a decentralised organisation with authority vested
at field level in the country offices. It maintains a headquarters in Oslo as well as several regional offices.
Due to the importance of the partnership with DG ECHO, NRC maintains an office in Brussels to develop
and maintain a close working relationship. It has Partnership and Advocacy Advisers who provide support
to NRC country offices to ensure quality and compliance.
Framework Partnership
The Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (DG ECHO) has
a Framework Partnership Agreement (FPA) with NRC, as well as with more than 200 diverse partner
organisations providing humanitarian assistance throughout the world. FPAs for NGOs are in recognition
of their vital role and added value in providing humanitarian assistance because of their field presence,
flexibility, specialisation, and because they are a direct expression of active citizenship at the service of
humanitarian actions. These FPAs enable DG ECHO to have comprehensive coverage of ever-
expanding needs across the world in increasingly complex situations. The DG ECHO Partnership
guidelines (2014)125 require partnership to be based on:
Transparency and accountability towards all stakeholders, including beneficiaries of aid;
Strategies and initiatives to increase the effectiveness of humanitarian aid though coordinated
humanitarian response;
Duty of care toward humanitarian workers and volunteers, with special attention to their safety in the
field and, to the extent possible, to their professional development;
Coherence with regard to sectorial and thematic issues;
Evidence-based learning culture; and
124 NRC Annual Report 2017 (latest available)
125 DG ECHO (2015). Framework Partnership Agreement 2014 Guidelines, version September 2015

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