Introduction - Setting the Scene

AuthorSergio Carrera - Deirdre Curtin - Andrew Geddes
ProfessionSenior Research Fellow and Head of the Justice and Home Affairs Programme at CEPS - Professor of European Union Law and Head of the Law Department of the European University Institute (EUI) - Professor of Migration Studies and Director of the Migration Policy Centre, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, ...
Sergio Carrera, Deirdre Curtin and Andrew Geddes
2019 corresponded with the 20 year anniversary of the adoption
of the Tampere Programme at the European Council Conclusions
of October 1999 under the auspices of the Finnish Presidency of
the EU. Aer the entry into force of the Amsterdam Treaty, the
Tampere Programme laid down for the rst time the multi-annual
policy priorities to guide the development of EU Justice and Home
Aairs (JHA) policies.
e end of 2019 also coincided with the 10 year anniversary of
the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, which constituted a mile-
stone in European integration. e Treaty of Lisbon rebaptised
the EU JHA policies as the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
(AFSJ). It brought AFSJ policies under democratic scrutiny of the
European Parliament, and judicial oversight of the Luxembourg
Court. Of particular importance for the AFSJ was the incorpora-
tion of the Charter of the Fundamental Rights into EU primary
law, on an equal footing with the EU Treaties. AFSJ cooperation
is now established and functions on the premise of ‘mutual trust’,
which is rooted on and dependent upon the full respect of EU’s
core values and legal principles of the rule of law, democracy and
fundamental rights.
e ‘Lisbonisation’ of the AFSJ sought to ensuring inter-insti-
tutional balance and liberalising the ownership on the multi-an-
nual policy programming and agenda-setting on AFSJ policies.

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