Juveniles in Criminal Proceedings

AuthorEnver Buçaj - Fatos Haziri
PositionProfessor at the Faculty of Law at the University of Prizren 'Ukshin Hoti' - Professor at the Faculty of Law at the UBT College
Pages198-209
Vol. 4 No. 2
June, 2020
European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2519-1284
Acces online at www.iipccl.org
198
Juveniles in Criminal Proceedings
Dr.sc. Enver Buçaj, Prof.ass.
ProfessorattheFacultyofLawattheUniversityofPrizrenUkshinHoti
Dr.sc. Fatos Haziri, Prof.ass.
ProfessorattheFacultyofLawattheUBTCollege
Abstract
This paper is of a combined character; summary and research, as it contains comparisons
and research in a critical way, so it includes content and important psychological aspects of
criminalactionsthatleadthejuvenilepersontoconictwiththelawincludingfactorswhich
directlyorindirectlyaectthiscategoryofsocietytobeinvolvedincriminalactivity
Even more fundamentally, it has been possible to include the comparative character of the
actions of the relevant institutions that treat this category of society in the criminal aspect,
respectively the theoretical-practical aspect and the legal basis of these institutions.
The paper highlights the advantages and diculties that arise between law enforcement
agencies for the treatment of this category of persons in a criminal process, as well as legal
shortcomings, especially bylaws and especially emphasizes the need to actively engage the
social worker and psychologist in the criminal process, as a necessity which, despite the
reform of the legal infrastructure, still remain outside the necessity of active involvement in
the juvenile proceedings.
Keywords: Juvenile justice, reform, adequate treatment, prevention, harmonization, re-
socialization, legal process, juvenile personality, standards.
Juveniles in criminal proceedings
The important fact in a criminal trial is that the victim as well as the society needs
toknowabouttheperpetratorsofcriminaloensesandalsotheinterestthatthe
perpetrator will not go unpunished, is a necessary step to bring the perpetrator to
justice, regardless of who he is.
Thetreatmentof criminal cases involving juveniles of course presents signicant
dicultiesforthesecuritysystemthejusticesystemandotherauthoritativebodies
and this is precisely because of the situations that crimes involving minors, by their
verynature are complex and dicult to fully address and when you add tothis
facttheRepublicof Kosovoisconsidered amongthecountriesintransitionwithan
unstable legal infrastructure, because the provisions for the treatment of juveniles
havebeenveryuniqueinacomprehensivecodebutdistributedacrossdierentlaws
andmakeit evenmoredicult toachievethe desiredeciencyin thetreatment of
thiscategoryofpersonsinvolvedincriminaloenses
The purpose of this paper focuses on three main areas:
a). To present the importance of the psychological factor, the social factor and other
factorsthatinuenceajuveniletoconictwiththelawandsocialmoralnorms

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