Leadership styles of school headmasters and their impact on school adminis-tration in Vlora high schools

AuthorMarieta Mërkuri - Ergysejda Bylyshi (Caushi)
Position'Elite' Institutions, Vlorë - Regional Education Directory, Vlorë
European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
Vol. 1 No. 2
June, 2017
ISSN 2519-1284
Acces online at www.iipccl.org
Leadership styles of school headmasters and their impact on school adminis-
tration in Vlora high schools
Marieta Mërkuri
“Elite” Institutions – Vlorë
Ergysejda Bylyshi (Caushi)
Regional Education Directory – Vlorë
This study aims to identify the leadership styles of high school headmasters and the job
satisfaction among teachers under the principals’ administration. The research was also
focused on the impact of leadership styles on school administration. In the meantime, the
study intended to determine the extent to which teachers were involved as school actors in
decision-making. The questionnaire survey method was used to collect data from a sample
population consisting of 87 high school teachers from Vlora district in Albania. Data analyses
were facilitated by the statistical package for social surveys (SPSS) version 16. The research
found out that the democratic leadership style was widely used by high school headmasters.
Teachers were involved in decision-making, but were not involved in se ing the agendas for
sta meetings or other administrative tasks. The results show that the leadership styles have
signi cant relationship in the teachers’ job satisfaction.
Keywords: Leadership styles, school administration, high schools, job satisfaction.
In Albania the number of schools is going up because the demand for educations
is ever increasing. This means the number of more school administrators is also
increasing. Most of the school administrators are promoted from the teaching sta
to become deputy headmasters and eventually headmasters. No formal orientation
training is o ered to the newly appointed administrators. Actually Institution for
the Development of the Education is implementing a promontory course for school
headmasters, without speci cation in education levels.
Research has revealed that leadership plays an important role in school e ectiveness.
Moreover, principals strongly shape the conditions for high-quality teaching and
are the prime factor in determining whether teachers stay in high-needs schools.
Leadership is not just a group of theories vs. practice. We’ll be er think of it as theory
with practice. E ective leadership is an important asset to an organisation. However
the leadership style of the school is also an important factor in school e ectiveness to
ensure e ective school administration (Sal et. al. 2014). Research by Eyal and Roth
(2011) found out that leadership styles play a signi cant role in teacher motivation
and student achievement. In Vlora not much research has been done on school
headmasters’ leadership and their impact on school administration. Research on

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