ANNA ORGANIVCIAK- KRZYKOWSKA*
MIGRATION OF POLISH PEOPLE
IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
One of the goals of the European Union is an integration of different
areas of functioning of member states. This regards both the economic
sphere and the social one.
One of the important elements (conditions) of integration in the
social sphere is the free movement of persons, introduced as a part of the
Unified European Act (bukrowska and Stryjek 2004). The aim of the free
movement of persons is to level the differences concerning the state and
structure of working force resources, to balance the surpluses or deficits
on the job markets of individual countries and, in a long-term perspective,
to equalize the salaries and wages of the employees
The right of free movement and residence binding in the area of the
European Union, coupled with the wish to improve one’s life conditions,
contributed to the development of the phenomenon of migration.
In Poland the process turned out to be particularly significant in
connection with rapid political, economic and social changes of the era of
transformation and with the country’s accession to the European Union.
All persons having the citizenship of one of the member states of the
European Union are at the same time the citizens of the EU. The Union
citizenship does not replace the state citizenship, it merely complements
it. From the point of view of individual persons, the most important
reflection of its complementary status is the freedom of movement and
residence in the area of EU countries. This right (referred to as liberty) is,
along with the free flow of services, capital and goods, on e of the four
most important liberties of the internal market of the European Union.
Each citizen of the Union has the right to move freely and to reside
in the area of the Member States (Freedom of movement and...).
Of great importance for the realization of the principle of the
freedom of movement and residence the was the Directive no
2004/38/WE (2004) adopted by the European Parliament together with
the Council of the European Union and concerning on the right of
* University of Warmia and Mazury - Faculty of Economics - Department of