ISSN 2410-3918 Academic Journal of Business, Administration, Law and Social Sciences Vol 1 No 1
Acces online at www.iipccl.org IIPCCL Publishing, Tirana-Albania March 2015
Ministry of Defense Budged and the Economic
Responsibilities as NATO Member
PhD (Cand.) Mirela Metushaj
University of Tirana
Every four years Albania is confronted with several social issues which demand real and immediate
solutions. ese issues are oen confronted with political implications oering no benet for the
civil society in general, or any of its levels, given the fact that all Albanian citizens are part of it in
dierent levels. e main level aected by these social issues is the poor, women, unemployed, the
youth and retired people. Albania is classied as the poorest country in the Balkan Peninsula and
overcoming the social challenge of life quality in all social levels is the main challenge. During the
last 10 years, the Albanian Governments has undertaken several reforms to meet all the criteria for
the European integration. One of the most important criteria is the economical reform aecting
the unemployment and the decrease of poverty, as these problems aect a considerable number of
families, and in the same time they aect education and health service, two other rings of the social
chains that are very important. Becoming a NATO member gave Albania a great encouragement
to face the next challenges of the international arena and in this sense the Albanian Government is
aware that being part of such an important organization would require availability and involvement
of human resources and nancial responsibilities, which would be a further burden for the budget.
erefore, it is important to create a suitable ground to implement these fundamental projects
for the society. is is another challenge for the Albanian people with requires responsibility and
sacrice to meet the so much hoped ideals of democracy and solidarity, which establish peace,
stability and prosperity for our country.
Keywords: NATO, poverty, international organization, state budget.
Albania is located in Eastern Europe, a small country with a modest economical power
and one of the poorest countries of the region. e political history of the last 60 years
has not supported the social and economical development of the country. e country
lacks stability and welfare, which means that several generations have no idea of the
proper functioning of the state, which safeguards and assures prosperity to the society.
e totalitarian regime with its economic system where state owns everything was
replaced with capitalism, which found the Albanian economic system unprepared for
this radical change. Of course, the welfare level in Albania has increased aer the fall of
Communism, nevertheless, as in other ex-communist countries, there is a time called
“reection pause”, which diers in every country. e low level of welfare has caused
disorientation of the external and internal balances of the civil society, thus causing
political discontent, although not only a political party was leading the country, reason
which caused panic and insecurity for the future. During this period emigration became
one of the most problematic phenomena, especially during the rst years of democracy.