Natural resources of the Dukagjin Plain and social economic development

AuthorSelim Qevani
PositionFaculty of Education, University of Pristina 'Hasan Prishtina'
Vol. 3 No. 2
June, 2019
European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2519-1284
Acces online at
Natural resources of the Dukagjin Plain and social economic development
Selim Qevani
Faculty of Education, University of Pristina “Hasan Prishtina”
Natural resources play an important role in the economic development of a country. They
give value to space and are a prerequisite for its population, sustainable use of which is
linked to the socio-economic development of society. This paper treats the impact of natural
resources on the economic and social development of the Dukagjin Plain. At rst, are treated
the population and se lements, with particular emphasis on population traces and population
change. Then are treated the se lements, their number, with particular emphasis on the main
regional centers. In the following is treated the economic development that was inherited
by Kosovo and Dukagjini. Where is treated the beginning of exploiting of some resources
and their impact on Kosovo’s economic development. At the end of the chapter is treated the
current economic development, the ruination of the economy by the war, the slow recovery
and challenges of Kosovo’s economic development and the Dukagjin plain.
Keywords: population, se lements, natural resources, social development, economic
Population and se lements
Natural resources, such as appropriate climate, water resources, good agricultural
lands, quality forests and pastures, have played an important role in the placement
and population of the Dukagjini Plane, the use of which has ensured constant
population growth from the Neolithic to the present day. This is evidenced by various
traces found as Illyrian hills, foundations of old towns, fortresses and various cultural
heritage objects that have resisted time. In the Runik se lement are found pieces of
one-color po ery and snippets of tools of bones that belong to the Neolithic period,
3 thousand years before our era (Çavolli, 1997). While in se lement of “Vranovc të
Lugë e Beranit” are found stone tools, knives, axes and other archaeological materials
that prove the antiquity of the residence of this se lement (Çavolli, 1997, pg. 257).
The traces of the Bronze Age on the Dukagjini Plain were found in several locations
in “Banja e Pejës”, “Xërxë”, “Nashec”, “Shirok” and “Vllashnje”. Characteristic is
the establishment of se lements in hilly areas. The most famous Illyrian tribe living
in this area was the Dardans (Çavolli, 1997, pg. 258). Traces of antiquity have been
found in many localities; in Prizren near the Hamam, at the Prizren castle, “Vermica”
and “Piran”, then in “Zllakuqan” of Klina, “Doblibar” and “Berdosan” of Gjakova,
“Brnjak and Ratkoc” of Rahovec. Roman traces were found in “Sopi”, “Mushtisht”
and “Popovlan” of Suhareke and “Dërsnik të Poshtëm” of Klina (Çavolli, 1997, pg.
In the 7th century in our geographic space were placed the Slavs who raised their
medieval state and in uenced the alienation of the indigenous population and

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