Obesity as a public health challenge of nations in transition- Albania, Northern Macedonia and Kosovo

AuthorNaser Rugova
PositionUniversity for Business and Technology - UBT
Vol. 6 No.2
September, 2020
Balkan Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2410-759X
Acces online at www.iipccl.org
Obesity as a public health challenge of nations in transition- Albania,
Northern Macedonia and Kosovo
Naser Rugova
University for Business and Technology - UBT
Obesity has become one of the most acute problems in terms of public health and its challenges
in contemporary life trends, being considered as the disease of the 21st century. Healthy eating
and prevention of obesity is one of the main priorities in many countries around the world,
especially developed ones, but in transition countries such as Kosovo, Albania and Northern
Macedonia leaves much to be desired. Obesity has been described as a public health problem
that is gradually gaining epidemic proportions. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is
increasing alarmingly from one region to another, from under 5% in Africa, to 20% in Europe
and up to over 30% in America and some Middle Eastern countries. In Europe, obesity is
estimated to have tripled in the last 20 years. In the modern life trends of an increased dynamic,
food with di erent arti cial ingredients, lifestyle change and lack of physical activity, has
made obesity a serious problem that is challenging countries with highly advanced health
systems, related to the impact it has on society. Such an issue is an example of a problem
that can only be solved with the cooperation of various factors such as family, community,
school, health education and concrete measures to be taken by the competent institutions for
public health. The purpose of this paper is to re ect the level of treatment of this issue with
a serious impact on public health in three developing countries: Albania, Kosovo and North
Macedonia, through a qualitative, comparative, statistical method and review of literature and
o cial statistics.
Keywords: Obesity, prevalence, age group, nutrition, health consequences.
Overweight and obesity come as a result of an imbalance between consumed energy
(to an extreme) and expended energy (excessively li le). Around the world, there has
been a move in food utilization designs whereby individuals are consuming foods
higher in energy (those high in sugars and fats); simultaneously, they are taking part
in less physical action. Utilizing the World Health Organization (WHO's) cuto s,
grown-ups with a weight record (BMI; this is weight/tallness squared) of at least
25 are named overweight; those with a BMI of at least 30 are categorized as obese.
The terms overweight and obesity both recognize individuals who are in danger for
medical issues from having an excessive amount of body fat. (Romieu et al., 2017)
Handling the ascent in overweight and obesity in developing nations implies
understanding that over nutrition isn't really about eating an excessive amount
of food, but it is about eating inappropriate sorts of food. Expanding economic
developments and urbanization have prompted changes in ways of life around the
globe, lead to stationary work and a dependence for prepared foods and fast food.
Food systems nowadays have brought an utilization of readily prepared foods, a

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