Parenting styles and externalization problems at youths

AuthorEvis Fili
PositionEuropean University of Tirana-UET
Vol. 2 No. 2
September, 2016
Balkan Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
IIPCCL Publishing, Tirana-Albania
ISSN 2410-759X
Acces online at
Parenting styles and externalization problems at youths
Evis Fili
European University of Tirana-UET
Aim: To explore the relationship and impact of parenting style in externalizing problems of
youths. It was hypothesized that there will be relationship between interested variables.
Methods: We used two questionnaires for collecting the data. For the externalization problems,
we used the CBCL 6-18 (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001), which contains 118 items items rated
0-1-2 (0 = not true (as far as you know); 1 = somewhat or sometimes true; or 2 verytrueoroentrue)
plus 1 open-ended problem items, that describe the behaviour of children and adolescents.
The CBCL scales have been shown to have a consistency of .869
The Relationship Questionnaire (RQ; Bartholomew and Horowitz, 1991) was used to collect
the data regarding the parenting style. The questionnaire consists of four short paragraphs
The sample included 91 children (55 or 60.4% boys and 36 or 39.6 % girls), with a mean age
of yearsSD  ofthem had arange ageof years oldand of them
in the distribution of gender and age representation. There were 91 parents participated in the
their education level. The parents voluntarily completed the questionnaire.
ResultsCorrelationanalysis mostlyindicated lowandnonsignicant relationshipbetween
interested scales, for all children and by gender and age.
Keywords: relationship, youth, parenting style, externalizing problems, parents.
Adolescence is a transitional stage of human development, during which the
individual undergoes marked physiological, psychological and social change,
duringwhich therst signs ofdevelopmental problemsmay appearExternalizing
disorders are common disorders in children American Psychiatric Association
2000). The genetic risk for developing these conditions seems to be greater in the
context of impaired parent child relationships Samek et al  Aer illness
onset, externalizing symptoms continue disrupting interpersonal relationships.
Parentscan show controlling and punitive behaviors are oen less responsive to
their children's needs (Hechtman et al., 2004) and can develop psychopathological
on childrensbehavior and the development of their characters Baumrind 
Severalstudies supportthat familyfactors thatare mostproximal tothechild ie
factors related to the parent-child interaction) are the most important in fostering
the parent-child relationship is a continuous process, and although they keep changing

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