Paternal responsibility in the Albanian judicial practice

Author:Enkelejda Mecka
Position:Kolegji Universitar i Biznesit
Pages:52-60
SUMMARY

The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze the problems that arise during the exercise of parental responsibility, seen in an interpretation of the legal norms that regulate this institute and local case law. The paper aims to be mainly practical based on the legal practice of the Court of the Tirana Judicial District during the periods 2016-2019. In addition to parental responsibility, ... (see full summary)

 
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Vo
l.
6
N
o
. 2
J
u
ly
, 2020
A
cademic Journal o
f
Business,
A
dministration, Law and Social Science
s
II
PCCL Publishin
g
, Graz-
A
ustri
a
I
SSN 2410-391
8
A
cces online at www.ii
p
ccl.or
g
52
Paterna
l
responsi
b
i
l
ity in t
h
e A
lb
anian
j
u
d
icia
l
practic
e
sc: Enkele
da Meck
K
olegji
U
niversitar i Biznesit
Abs
tr
ac
t
T
he
p
ur
p
ose o
f
this
p
a
p
er is to identi
fy
and anal
y
ze the
p
roblems that arise during
the exercise o
f
p
arental res
p
onsibilit
y
, seen in an inter
p
retation o
f
the legal norms that
r
egu
l
ate t
h
is institute an
d
l
oca
l
case
l
aw.
T
he
p
a
p
er aims to be mainl
y
p
ractical based on the legal
p
ractice o
f
the Court o
f
t
h
e Tirana Ju
d
icia
l
District
d
uring t
h
e
p
erio
d
s 2016-2019.
I
n a
dd
ition to
p
arenta
l
r
es
p
onsibilit
y
, this
p
a
p
er also brie
y
addresses the
p
roblems o
f
children’s movement
abroad, as a new issue
f
or the courts o
f
our countr
y
.
P
arental res
p
onsibilit
y
is one o
f
the institutes o
f
f
amil
y
law, which is directl
y
related
to the highest interest o
f
the child and as such it has a wide sco
p
e and a
pp
ears several
times in t
h
e Fami
ly
Co
d
e. Parenting,
l
i
k
e an
y
ot
h
er
l
ega
l
re
l
ations
h
i
p
, creates rig
h
ts
and obligations
f
or the
p
arties.
A
lthough the main
p
rinci
p
le o
f
law in an
y
relationshi
p
that is created between the subjects o
f
law is the
p
rinci
p
le o
f
e
q
ualit
y
o
f
the
p
arties, in
this relationshi
p
(
p
arenting) we notice that the highest interest o
f
one
p
art
y
p
revails,
th
a
t
of
ch
i
ldr
e
n.
Ke
y
wor
d
s:
f
amil
y
code,
p
arental res
p
onsibilit
y
, court, movement o
f
children abroad,
i
n
s
t
i
t
u
t
e
.
1
. Parenta
l
responsi
b
i
l
it
y
P
arental res
p
onsibilit
y
includes the totalit
y
o
f
rights and duties that are intended
to ensure the emotional, social and material well-being o
f
the child, caring
f
or him,
m
aintaining
p
ersonal relationshi
p
s with him, and
p
roviding him with u
p
bringing,
e
ducation, education, legal re
p
resentation and administration o
f
his assets (Mandro,
2
009, 400
)
.
P
arenting, like an
y
other legal relationshi
p
, creates rights and obligations
f
or the
p
arties.
A
lthough the main
p
rinci
p
le o
f
law in an
y
relationshi
p
that is created between
the subjects o
f
law is the
p
rinci
p
le o
f
e
q
ualit
y
o
f
the
p
arties, in this relationshi
p
(
p
arenting) we notice that the highest interest o
f
one
p
art
y
p
revails, that o
f
children.
T
his
p
rinci
p
le in
f
act describes all the
p
rovisions o
f
the Famil
y
Code and
f
ull
y
c
om
p
lies with its s
p
irit. This means that all relations o
f
this kind will be conditioned
by
t
h
is
p
rinci
pl
e,
b
ecause it is
h
ig
h
er an
d
more
p
rimar
y
(Man
d
ro, 2009, 59).
A
ccording to the Famil
y
Code, the dut
y
to res
p
ect this
p
rinci
p
le rests with the
p
arents,
t
h
e com
p
etent aut
h
orities an
d
t
h
e court.
1
T
he rights and obligations that
p
arents have
f
or their children can be grou
p
ed into
two grou
p
s:
1
Artic
l
e 2 o
f
t
h
e Fami
l
y Co
d
e
.

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