Personal and material scope

AuthorKogovsek Salamon, Neza
3.1 Personal scope
3.1.1 EU a nd non -EU nat ionals (R ecital 13 and Article 3(2), Directive 2000/43
and Recital 12 and Article 3(2), Directive 2000/78)
In Slovenia, there are no resid ence or citizenship/nationality requiremen ts for protection
under the relevant national laws transposing the directives. Hence, anyone, including
undocumented migrants or those with irregular status, is entitled to the protection of the
3.1.2 Natural and legal persons (Recital 16, Directive 2000/43)
a) Protection against discrimination
In Slovenia, the personal scope of anti -discrimination law covers natural and legal
persons for the purpose of protection against discrimination.
The Protection Against Discrimination Act does not distinguish between natural persons
and legal p ersons in en suring equal treatment. Article 1(1) states that ‘this Act defines
protection of each individual from discrimination’, and Article 1(3) continues by stating
that protection from discrimination is also applicable to legal persons ‘if the gr ounds that
could be a basis for discrimination can be attributed to legal persons’. The preparatory
materials in relation to the Protection Against Discrimination Act indicate that legal
persons can enjoy protection from discrimination if they a re discriminated against
because of personal grounds in relation to their members, founde rs or management. The
Advocate of the Principle of Equality has already decided cases in which it found tha t
legal persons had been discriminated against.67 As for groups of persons, the term ‘a
person’ cannot be int erpreted as precluding a group of people who have been
discriminated against from bringing a complaint, as long as each individu al is identified.
Article 6 of the Employment Relationship Act does not specify whether both natural and
legal persons are covered (it just states ‘person’). However, since only natural persons
can be employed, they are the only ones who can be protected under this law.
b) Liability for discrimination
In Slovenia, the personal scope of anti -discrimination law covers natural and legal
persons for the purpose of liability for discrimination.
Liability for discrimination is established by Article 39 (civil liability) and Article 45
(misdemeanour liability) of the Protection Against Discrimination Act and Article 229 of
the Employment Relationship Act. The law differs in respect of the misdemeanour liability
of natural persons and the liability of legal pers ons for harm caused by acts of
discrimination. While there are no differences in establishing misdemeanour liability as
such, th ere is a significant difference in the amount prescribed in law for fines that are
payable by the party that is found to be in brea ch of anti-discrimination provisions. When
the act of discriminatio n amounts to a criminal offence, Article 4 of the Liability of Legal
Persons for Criminal Offences Act68 states th at for a criminal offence, which the
perpetrator committed in the name, on the account of or for the benefi t of a legal person,
the legal person is also liable.
67 Advocate of the Principle of Equality, decision No. 0700-2/2019 of 4 July 2019; and decision No. 0700-
11/2019 of 18 July 2019.
68 Liability of Legal Persons for Criminal Offences Act (Zakon o odgovornosti pravnih oseb za kazniva dejanja),
8 July 1999, available at:

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