Programs of Serbia for compulsory integration of Kosovo's industry during 1989-1991

AuthorKujtim Millaku
PositionPrishtina University 'Hasan Prishtina' - Kosovo
Vol. 3 No. 2
June, 2019
European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2519-1284
Acces online at
Programs of Serbia for compulsory integration of Kosovo’s industry during
PhD (C.) Kujtim Millaku
Prishtina University “ Hasan Prishtina” - Kosovo
Although regarded as the richest region of the Yugoslav Federation with large
and various minerals, promising a swi development of Kosovo, it turnout to be
its weakest point due to the others greedy. The 80s marked the economic decline
of Kosovo. Following the death of Yugoslavian leader Tito, many nationalistic
movements claiming separation from the federation took place. Particularly, Republic
of Serbia had pretensions to put under its rule most of the federation’s units. Initially, it
started with Kosovo who was an equal part of the Federation as other republics and it
continued with pretensions to other republics. As such, cruel wars were unavoidable.
Serbia, although known as the initiator of the con icts, won almost nothing, while
local ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, even though in majority, were denied all the rights.
Serbia was mainly interested for the Kosovo’s economy and therefore started to be
involved slowly in various ways, o en even forcibly by removing Albanian managers
and workers of the Kosovo’s public companies and pu ing them under its rule. Such
developments marked an economical decline throughout Kosovo, especially of the
industry sector. Such a decline took place for a decade and its consequences are
evident even nowadays.
Keywords: Kosovo, Serbia, industry, economy, assets,
As part of the economy in Kosovo, the industry itself played a vital role at all the times
by being the region economic development main carrier. The repressive measures
undertaken by Serbia during 1989-1991, in uenced the economic collapse of Kosovo
as constitutive part of the Yugoslav federation. Almost all the achievements, although
not much in gures, slowly began to fade away. Even though o cially with the
highest normative acts (Constitution) of FSRY the rights of each federal republic
and province (nations and nationalities) were clearly predetermined as well as the
equality in enjoying and exercising social and economical independence, the socio-
political units of the federations (republics and provinces) were also given the right
to posses particular means and tools so as to adapt the economic developments
to their own needs and objectives (Shiroka 1997, 75). But, the economic system of
Yugoslavia never gave a chance to Kosovo to exploit its own resources for its internal
development and wealth. Situation got worst at the eve of federation collapse as the
federal authorities kept exploiting Kosovo resources and went silent at the years
when Serbia was preparing to put Kosovo under its full political and economical

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