Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species

Publication Date04 Nov 2014
Official gazette publicationDiario Oficial de la Unión Europea, L 317, 4 de noviembre de 2014,Journal officiel de l’Union européenne, L 317, 4 novembre 2014
Consolidated TEXT: 32014R1143 — EN — 14.12.2019

02014R1143 — EN — 14.12.2019 — 001.001


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REGULATION (EU) No 1143/2014 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 22 October 2014

on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species

(OJ L 317 4.11.2014, p. 35)

Amended by:

Official Journal

No

page

date

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REGULATION (EU) 2016/2031 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT OF THE COUNCIL of 26 October 2016

L 317

4

23.11.2016




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REGULATION (EU) No 1143/2014 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 22 October 2014

on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species



CHAPTER I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Subject matter

This Regulation sets out rules to prevent, minimise and mitigate the adverse impact on biodiversity of the introduction and spread within the Union, both intentional and unintentional, of invasive alien species.

Article 2

Scope

1. This Regulation applies to all invasive alien species.

2. This Regulation does not apply to:

(a) species changing their natural range without human intervention, in response to changing ecological conditions and climate change;

(b) genetically modified organisms as defined in point 2 of Article 2 of Directive 2001/18/EC;

(c) pathogens that cause animal diseases; for the purpose of this Regulation, animal disease means the occurrence of infections and infestations in animals, caused by one or more pathogens transmissible to animals or to humans;

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(d) pests of plants listed pursuant to Article 5(2) or Article 32(3), or subject to measures pursuant to Article 30(1), of Regulation (EU) 2016/2031 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 1 );

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(e) species listed in Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 708/2007 when used in aquaculture;

(f) micro-organisms manufactured or imported for use in plant protection products already authorised or for which an assessment is ongoing under Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009; or

(g) micro-organisms manufactured or imported for use in biocidal products already authorised or for which an assessment is ongoing under Regulation (EU) No 528/2012.

Article 3

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions apply:

(1) 'alien species' means any live specimen of a species, subspecies or lower taxon of animals, plants, fungi or micro-organisms introduced outside its natural range; it includes any part, gametes, seeds, eggs or propagules of such species, as well as any hybrids, varieties or breeds that might survive and subsequently reproduce;

(2) 'invasive alien species' means an alien species whose introduction or spread has been found to threaten or adversely impact upon biodiversity and related ecosystem services;

(3) 'invasive alien species of Union concern' means an invasive alien species whose adverse impact has been deemed such as to require concerted action at Union level pursuant to Article 4(3);

(4) 'invasive alien species of Member State concern' means an invasive alien species other than an invasive alien species of Union concern, for which a Member State considers on the basis of scientific evidence that the adverse impact of its release and spread, even where not fully ascertained, is of significance for its territory, or part of it, and requires action at the level of that Member State;

(5) 'biodiversity' means the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems;

(6) 'ecosystem services' means the direct and indirect contributions of ecosystems to human wellbeing;

(7) 'introduction' means the movement, as a consequence of human intervention, of a species outside its natural range;

(8) 'research' means descriptive or experimental work, undertaken under regulated conditions to obtain new scientific findings or to develop new products, including the initial phases of identification, characterisation and isolation of genetic features, other than those features which make a species invasive, of invasive alien species only insofar as essential to enable the breeding of those features into non-invasive species;

(9) 'contained holding' means keeping an organism in closed facilities from which escape or spread is not possible;

(10) 'ex-situ conservation' means the conservation of components of biological diversity outside their natural habitat;

(11) 'pathways' means the routes and mechanisms of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species;

(12) 'early detection' means the confirmation of the presence of a specimen or specimens of an invasive alien species in the environment before it has become widely spread;

(13) 'eradication' means the complete and permanent removal of a population of invasive alien species by lethal or non-lethal means;

(14) 'population control' means any lethal or non-lethal action applied to a population of invasive alien species, while also minimising the impact on non-targeted species and their habitats, with the aim of keeping the number of individuals as low as possible, so that, while not being able to eradicate the species, its invasive capacity and adverse impact on biodiversity, the related ecosystem services, on human health or the economy, are minimised;

(15) 'containment' means any action aimed at creating barriers which minimises the risk of a population of an invasive alien species dispersing and spreading beyond the invaded area;

(16) 'widely spread' means an invasive alien species whose population has gone beyond the naturalisation stage, in which a population is self-sustaining, and has spread to colonise a large part of the potential range where it can survive and reproduce;

(17) 'management' means any lethal or non-lethal action aimed at the eradication, population control or containment of a population of an invasive alien species, while also minimising the impact on non-targeted species and their habitats.

Article 4

List of invasive alien species of Union concern

1. The Commission shall adopt, by means of implementing acts, a list of invasive alien species of Union concern ('the Union list'), on the basis of the criteria laid down in paragraph 3 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 27(2). The draft implementing acts shall be submitted to the Committee referred to in Article 27(1) by 2 January 2016.

2. The Commission shall undertake a comprehensive review of the Union list at least every six years and shall, in the meantime, update it, as appropriate, in accordance with the procedure referred to in paragraph 1 with:

(a) the addition of new invasive alien species;

(b) the removal of listed species if they no longer meet one or more of the criteria laid down in paragraph 3.

3. Invasive alien species shall only be included on the Union list if they meet all of the following criteria:

(a) they are found, based on available scientific evidence, to be alien to the territory of the Union excluding the outermost regions;

(b) they are found, based on available scientific evidence, to be capable of establishing a viable population and spreading in the environment under current conditions and in foreseeable climate change conditions in one biogeographical region shared by more than two Member States or one marine subregion excluding their outermost regions;

(c) they are, based on available scientific evidence, likely to have a significant adverse impact on biodiversity or the related ecosystem services, and may also have an adverse impact on human health or the economy;

(d) it is demonstrated by a risk assessment carried out pursuant to Article 5(1) that concerted action at Union level is required to prevent their introduction, establishment or spread;

(e) it is likely that the inclusion on the Union list will effectively prevent, minimise or mitigate their adverse impact.

4. Member States may submit to the Commission requests for the inclusion of invasive alien species on the Union list. Those requests shall include all of the following:

(a) the name of the species;

(b) a risk assessment carried out in accordance with Article 5(1);

(c) evidence that the criteria set out in paragraph 3 of this Article are met.

5. The Union list shall make reference, where relevant, to the goods with which the invasive alien species are generally associated and their Combined Nomenclature codes as provided by Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 ( 2 ), indicating the categories of goods that shall be subject to official controls pursuant to Article 15 of this Regulation.

6. When adopting or updating the Union list, the Commission shall apply the criteria set out in paragraph 3 with due consideration to the implementation cost for Member States, the cost of inaction, the cost-effectiveness and the socio-economic aspects. The Union list shall include as a priority those invasive alien species that:

(a) are not yet present in the Union or are at an early stage of invasion and are most likely to have a significant adverse impact;

(b) are already established in the Union and have the most significant adverse impact.

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