A relação entre União Europeia e a questão prioritária de constitucionalidade do direito francês

Autor:Paula Wojcikiewicz Almeida
Páginas:165-187
RESUMO

O modelo de controle de constitucionalidade francês serviu por anos como exemplo do único sistema no qual o exame de compatibilidade entre normas infraconstitucionais e o texto da Constituição era realizado pelo Conselho Constitucional — órgão político — de maneira preventiva. Como resultado da falta de proteção dos direitos e liberdades constitucionais, a Constituição Francesa de 1958 foi... (ver resumo completo)

 
TRECHO GRÁTIS
A RELAÇÃO ENTRE UNIÃO EUROPEIA
E A QUESTÃO PRIORITÁRIA DE CONSTITUCIONALIDADE
DO DIREITO FRANCÊS
LÍVIA DA SILVA FERREIRA1*
!"#$%&
!" #$%&'$" %&" ($)*+$'&" %&" ($),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&" 0+/)(1," ,&+2-." 3$+" /)$," ($#$"
&4&#3'$"%$"5)-($" ,-,*&#/")$"6./'" $"&4/#&"%&" ($#3/*-7-'-%/%&"&)*+&")$+#/,"
-)0+/($),*-*.(-$)/-," &" $" *&4*$" %/" 8$),*-*.-9:$" &+/" +&/'-;/%$" 3&'$" 8$),&'<$"
8$),*-*.(-$)/'"=" >+?:$"3$'@*-($"=" %&"#/)&-+/"3+&2&)*-2/A" 8$#$"+&,.'*/%$" %/"
0/'*/"%&"3+$*&9:$"%$,"%-+&-*$,"&"'-7&+%/%&,"($),*-*.(-$)/-,B"/"8$),*-*.-9:$"C+/)D
(&,/"%&"EFGH"0$-"?+/%./'#&)*&"3&+%&)%$",./",.3+&#/(-/A"I#"JKKH"0$-"/3+$2/D
%/".#/"L&-"8$),*-*.(-$)/'"6.&"-),&+-.")$"$+%&)/#&)*$"M.+@%-($"0+/)(1,"/"N.&,D
*:$"O+-$+-*P+-/"%&"8$),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&B"#&(/)-,#$"6.&" ($)0&+&"/$,"'-*-?/)*&,"/"
3+&++$?/*-2/"%&"($)*&,*/+" /"($),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&"%&" .#/"%-,3$,-9:$"'&?-,'/*-2/"
6.&"M.'?.&#",&+"2-$'/%$+/"%&",&.,"%-+&-*$,"&"'-7&+%/%&,"($),*-*.(-$)/-,B"(+-/)%$"
/,,-#".#" #$%&'$"%&" ($)*+$'&"%&" ($),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&"+&3+&,,-2$A" I,*&"&,*.%$"
/)/'-,/"/," (/+/(*&+@,*-(/,"%/"NO8" &",./," +&'/9Q&,"($#" $"MP"&4-,*&)*&" ($)*+$'&"
%&"($)2&)(-$)/'-%/%&" ="6.&"&4/#-)/" /"($#3/*-7-'-%/%&" &)*+&"($#3+$#-,,$,"
-)*&+)/(-$)/-,"&"/" '&-"-)*&+)/"="&" %&"6.&"#/)&-+/" &,*&,"%$-,"*-3$,"%&" ($)*+$'&B"
*:$"3/+&(-%$,B",&"($#3/*-7-'-;/#"&"($&4-,*&#A
'()(*+(#,-.(*"
8$)*+$'&" %&" 8$),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&R" S-+&-*$" 8$),*-*.(-$)/'" C+/)(1,R" T&0$+#/" %/"
8$),*-*.-9:$"C+/)(&,/R"S-+&-*$,"&"L-7&+%/%&,"8$),*-*.(-$)/-,R"N.&,*:$"O+-$+-*PD
+-/"%&"8$),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&R" 8$)*+$'&"%&"8$)2&)(-$)/'-%/%&R"S-+&-*$" 8$#.)-*PD
+-$R"U)-:$"I.+$3&-/A
/010234+&5$67&
!"*+/7/'<$"&#"*&'/" V"+&,.'*/%$"%$"-)*&+&,,&"&#" +&/'-;/+".#/"3&,6.-,/"6.&"&)D
2$'2&"$" %-+&-*$" ($),*-*.(-$)/'" 0+/)(1," &" $" %-+&-*$" &.+$3&.B" ($),-%&+/)%$" 6.&"
/"T&357'-(/" C+/)(&,/"=" 6.&"%&,%&" EFGH"#/)*-)</" $"($)*+$'&" %&"($),*-*.(-$D
E" W&,*+/"&#"X&$+-/"%$"I,*/%$"&"S-+&-*$"8$),*-*.(-$)/'"3&'/"OU8DT-$"&"?+/%./%/"&#"S-+&-*$"3&'/"
CYZ"S[TI[X!"T[!A"O&,6.-,/%$+/")$"3+$M&*$"\.3+&#$"&#"]5#&+$,B"%/"CYZ"S[TI[X!"T[!A
E^^"TIZ[\X_"S!"OT!YT_W_"SI"S[TI[X!"S_"U][`!"IUT!OI[_
)/'-%/%&"%&"'&-," &4('.,-2/#&)*&"3+&2&)*-2$" ="/"3/+*-+" %&"JKEK"3/,,$." /"+&/'-D
;/+"*/#7V#"$"($)*+$'&"%&"($),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&" %/,"'&-,"a posterioriA"_"T&0$+#/"
8$),*-*.(-$)/'"C+/)(&,/"*&2&"-)@(-$"&#"JKKHB"0$-"-),&+-%/")$"$+%&)/#&)*$"M.+@D
%-($"0+/)(1,"3&'/"L&-"8$),*-*.(-$)/'" )a"JKKHDbJc"%&"Jd"%&"M.'<$" %&"JKKHB"eL&-"
%&"#$%&+)-;/9:$"%/,"-),*-*.-9Q&,"%/"Zf"T&387'-(/gB"&"(+-$."/"4XpVWLRQ3ULRULWDL*
re de Constitutionnalité"hN.&,*:$"O+-$+-*P+-/"%&"8$),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&"="NO8JiA
_"3/'/2+/"3+-$+-*P+-/dB"%&"/($+%$"($#"$"%-(-$)P+-$"O+-7&+/#"%/"L@)?./"O$+D
WXJXHVD VLJQL´FD TXH JR]D GH XPD SULRULGDGH VREUH RV RXWURV 1R PHVPR
VHQWLGRYDOH FLWDURVLJQL´FDGR HQFRQWUDGRQR GLFLRQiULRGHSRUWXJXrV RQOLQH0
W-(</&'-,B")$" 6./'"/" 3/'/2+/" 3+-$+-*P+-/cp GH´QLGDFRPR TXHWHP SULRULGDGH
\&?.)%$"$"%-(-$)P+-$"$)'-)&"%&" 3$+*.?.1,"j$./-,,B"3+-$+-*P+-/GWDPEpPpGH´D
)-%/"($#$k"/6.&'/"6.&"*&#"3+-$+-%/%&A
]&,*&",&)*-%$B" 2/'&"(-*/+"/-)%/" 6.&"eprioritaire”6" ,&?.)%$"$" %-(-$)P+-$"L&"
3HWLW5REHUWHPWUDGXomROLYUHVLJQL´FD©TXHWHPSULRULGDGHH©TXHYHP
&#"3+-#&-+$"3$+"$+%&#"%&"-#3$+*l)(-/A
I,*/"3+-$+-%/%&"+&,-%&")/"-#3$+*l)(-/" %$"6.&,*-$)/#&)*$"%&"($),*-*.(-$D
)/'-%/%&B"6.&B".#/"2&;" /3+&,&)*/%$"3$+".#"M.+-,%-(-$)/%$" %&)*+$"%&".#"3+$D
(&,,$"&#" (.+,$B"%&2&" ,&+"/)/'-,/%$" %&"-#&%-/*$" &"$" +&0&+-%$"3+$(&,,$" 6.&" $"
RULJLQRXGHYHVHUVXVSHQVRDWpDGHFLVmR´QDODUHVSHLWRGDFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
%/"%-,3$,-9:$" '&?-,'/*-2/" ,&+"($)*&,*/%/A" !" +&0&+-%$"&)*&)%-#&)*$" V" /3$-/%$"
3$+"W/+("Y.-''/.#&B"\&(+&*P+-$"Y&+/'"%$"8$),&'<$"8$),*-*.(-$)/'B"3/+/"6.&#"$"
FDUiWHUSULRULWiULRGD43&VLJQL´FD TXHHOD“doit 1*+& regardée prioritairement
avant toute autre” 7A
J" eNO8k"6.&,*:$"3+-$+-*P+-/"%&"($),*-*.(-$)/'-%/%&A"I,*/"/7+&2-/9:$",$/"&,*+/)</"&"(&+*/#&)D
WHFDUHFHGHHOHJkQFLD1RHQWDQWRYDLVHLPSRUUDSLGDPHQWHQRVDQ´WHDWURVHWHPSORVQDV
+&2-,*/,"%&"M.+-,3+.%1)(-/B")$,"(.++@(.'$,"%&"&),-)$B")$,"&,(+-*>+-$,"%&"/%2$?/%$,B")/,",/'/,"
GHDXGLrQFLDHDFXUWRSUD]RHPWRGDVDVSUR´VV}HVGRGLUHLWR«7UDGXomROLYUHGRDXWRU
""Z&+,:$"$+-?-)/'k" 43& TXHVWLRQSULRULWDLUH GH FRQVWLWXWLRQQDOLWp&H VLJOHUpVRQH EL]DU*
rement et manque assurément d’elegance. Il va pourtant s’imposer rapidement dans les
amphithéatres, les revues de jurisprudence, les programmes d’enseignement, les cabinets
d’avocats, les salles d’audience, bref, dans toutes les professions du droit."hT!U\\I_UB"S$D
#-)-6.&A"m!]]IXB"n.'-&)A" Lo&,,&)(-&'"%&"'/"NO8A" W$%&"%o&#3'$-"%&" '/"N.&,*-$)"O+-$+-*/-+&"
%&"8$),*-*.*-$))/'-*VA0Jf"&%BA"O/+-,k"Y./'-)$B"JKEJB"3AEEiA
d" O+-p$p+-p*Pp+-p$"h0+/)(1,"3+-$+-*/-+&iA" _%M&*-2$k N.&"?$;/" %&".#/"3+-$+-%/%&" ,$7+&"$,"$.*+$,A"
ª3ULRULWiULD«B"-)"%-(-$)P+-$"O+-7&+/#"%/"L@)?./"O$+*.?.&,/A"
c" O+-A$A+-A*PA+-A$"/%M"h'/*"#&%"3+-$+-*h/*&iqP+-$iA"N.&"*&#"3+-$+-%/%&B"-)"%-(-$)P+-$"%&"3$+*.?.1,"
$)'-)&"W-(</&'-,A
G" O+-$+-*P+-$"D"/%MA"N.&"*&#"3+-$+-%/%&B"-)"%-(-$)P+-$"$)'-)&"%&"3$+*.?.1,"j$./-,,A
^" !"#$"#%&#"'( 1."N.-"/"'/"3+-$+-*VA"Le véhicule venant de la droite est prioritaire."Personne priori*
WDLUH68%678QXQHSULRULWDLUH9RLHSULRULWDLUHRORQDODSULRULWp4XLYLHQWHQSUHPLHU
par ordre d’importance, d’urgence. Secteur économique prioritaire.Objectif prioritaire. )*+,"
PRIORITAIREMENT, in Le Petit Robert Dictionnaire de La Langue Française.
b" YU[LL_UWI"W/+(B"r"NO8k"*&4*&,"/33'-(/7'&,"&*"3+&#-s+&,"%V(-,-$),"tB"L&,")$.2&/.4"(/<-&+,"
%."8$),&-'" ($),*-*.*-$))&'B")a" JFB"%$,,-&+"k" '/"6.&,*-$)" 3+-$+-*/-+&"%&" ($),*-*.*-$))/'-*VB"3A"
JA"S-,3$)@2&'"&#k"<**3kuuvvvA($),&-'D($),*-*.*-$))&'A0+u($),&-'D($),*-*.*-$))&'u+$$*u7/)wu
3%0u($),&-'D($),*-*.*-$))&'DGJbdKA3%0"

Para continuar a ler

PEÇA SUA AVALIAÇÃO