Targeted Surveillance: Can Privacy and Surveillance Be Reconciled?

AuthorEdoardo Celeste - Federico Fabbrini
ProfessionLecturer in Privacy Law at Dublin City University - Full Professor of EU Law at Dublin City University and Director of the DCU Brexit Institute
Edoardo Celeste & Federico Fabbrini
1. Introduction
Striking the balance between the protection of fundamental rights
and the need to protect national security has been a challenge for
all liberal democracies in times of emergency. e same is true also
for the European Union (EU). In fact, since the launch 20 years ago
of the 1999 Tampere programme, implementing the 1997 Treaty of
Amsterdam, the EU has developed a common policy in the area
of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ), which led to the adop-
tion of important pieces of legislation also concerning the ght
against crime and international terrorism. At the same time, how-
ever, since 2000, the EU has been endowed with an advanced and
comprehensive Charter of Fundamental Rights, which was given
full primary law status by the 2009 Treaty of Lisbon.
As a result, in the last decade, the European Court of Justice
has been faced repeatedly with the question of how to reconcile
security and justice, contributing to the constitutionalisation of
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