The Cultural Heritage of the Great Prespa Region

AuthorEma Muslli
PositionPreka College, Korç?
ISSN 2410-3918 Academic Journal of Business, Administration, Law and Social Sciences Vol 1 No 1
Acces online at IIPCCL Publishing, Tirana-Albania March 2015
e Cultural Heritage of the Great Prespa Region
MSc. Ema Muslli
Preka College, Korçё
e Great Prespa region is situated in the Balkan Peninsula and is divided between Albania,
Macedonia and Greece. It includes the Great Prespa Lake and the surrounding beach and meadow,
areas designated for agricultural use and the towns of Pusteci (formerly known as Liqenas) and
Resen. is region is now part of the Trans-Boundary Biosphere Reserve ‘Ohrid-Prespa Watershed.
Great and Small Prespa lakes plus Ohrid Lake are included in this newly-approved UNESCO world
Heritage Site, but for this paper, we are looking only at the area surrounding the Great Prespa Lake.
It is critical for this area to be protected immediately, because of the overuse it has undergone in
recent years.
While current levels of fauna are dangerously declining due to recent over-harvesting, this area
has been known historically for its diverse natural and cultural features.us it is important to
take drastic measures to reclaim the natural beauty immediately, including those areas currently
covered byPrespa National Parks in Albania and Greece and Galichica and Pelisteri National Parks
in Macedonia.
Due to many wars over the centuries, it exists a mixture of Albanian and Macedonian culture. e
historical and architectural remaining, religious structures and artifacts testify the richness and
uniqueness of the communities of Pustec and Resen have.e cultural heritage is now a key element
designated for the development ofthe region’s sustainable tourism development. is study was
enhanced via the Geographic Info System (GIS) digital presentation showing the opportunities for
natural and cultural tourismin both countries (Albania and Macedonia).
Keywords: tourist potential, cultural heritage, Great Prespa Lake, Albania, Macedonia.
Pustec (formerly known as Liqenas), and Resen date back to the Neolithic period when
early settlers chose their location close to fresh water and abundant hunting grounds.
ese small communities have a long history, with many of the earlier structures standing
today, and welcoming visitors. From 1945-1990, the community of Pustec, was completely
isolated from both Albania and Macedonia. In those years, their most signicant economic
activity was the raising of livestock, mostly the raise of goats, cattle and agriculture, mostly
fruits like apples and grape. Tourism is not the primary economic activity in the region.
Today, on both sides of the Lake, there is an opportunity to explore and develop a solid
tourism industry in this region.

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