The Dynamic Evolution of EU Criminal Law and Justice

AuthorMaria Bergström
ProfessionAssociate Professor of European Law at the University of Uppsala, Sweden
Maria Bergström1
1. Introduction
is Chapter emphasizes the need for more consistency in the eld
of EU Criminal Law and Justice. Arguably, this can be achieved
by looking at new developments through the lens of past expe-
riences. ereby, some examples from the wider eld of EU Law
and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Regulation are provided,
illustrative of the evolution of EU law in general that might help
us understand the development of EU criminal law and justice in
particular. ese examples of the rapid evolution of EU criminal
law and justice have implications for the allocation of powers, and
might therefore have wider European constitutional law implica-
tions posing both opportunities and challenges.
It is argued that EU legislative action entails both challenges and
priorities, in particular in relation to the following four themes:
1 is paper was presented at the Conference: “20 Year Anniversary of the Tampere
Programme: Progress and Future Priorities of the EU Area of Freedom, Security and
Justice,” Part of Finland’s Presidency Calendar and Co-organised by CEPS, the Mi-
gration Policy Centre (MPC) and the LAW Department of the European University
Institute (EUI), in cooperation with the Finish Permanent Representation to the EU,
CEPS, Brussels, 3 and 4 October 2019. e paper builds on previous publications by the
author some of which are referred to below.
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