The essence of democracy and the political representation

AuthorAbla Xhaferi
Position'Luigj Gurakuqi' University Shkodra, Albania
European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
Vol. 1 No. 2
June, 2017
ISSN 2519-1284
Acces online at
The essence of democracy and the political representation
Msc Abla Xhaferi
“Luigj Gurakuqi” University
Shkodra, Albania
The following work is a detailed analysis of the notions “democracy” and “Political
representation” in the point of view of some of the wellknown authors. Our theoretical-
phisolophical observation inculeds the period of antiquity in the Early Greece, the origin in
time and space, where and when the rst foundations of a democratic state were layed. Later
on this work studies these two main concepts in the continuing era and their transformation
up to this day. The researcher of this writing, despite of his ambition and diligence, is aware of
the fact that neither old or new studies on this topic or all of them together despite their depth
and care is whole and let alone nal, when they try to shed light on the etimiological roots of
human democracy, on the gaps that it needs to overcome nowadays as well as on the future.
Keywords: people, democracy, concept, power, philosophy, principle, freedom, rights,
A considerable number of questions are waiting for an answer in the philosophical
area. Why humanity abandond the natural state of freedom, when it was led only by
the instinct and the law of the strongest? What were the factors imposed on it and
that called the need for democracy in history?
Human society is seen on the point of view of the representation of majority and their role
in democracy. There are a number of theories today that try to explain the cause of birth to
democratic regimes and the power of the civil society inside determined social structures.
From the beginning is reviled the notion itself of the concept of democracy. “Its golden
key” is the internal and the meaning of the word “democracy”. Therefore, the origin
of the word “democracy” comes from Greek and is made of the word “demos” people
and the word “kratos” power. Since democracy was rst born in Greece, in the city-
state of Athens, this word gained the right of use as it was used by its rst founders.
The main institution in Athens was the Assembly made up of 500 members all male.
It is selfunderstood that, in addition to women, also slaves and foreigners were not
allowed there either. The Assembly had the right to take decisions without any lawful
restrictions for any internal problem, simply by following the majority of the vote. It
makes impression that member of the Assembly were not elected but were appointed
by lot. The main leaders were chosen in a year mandate, without constitutional
restricitions. Therefore, Athens became an inspiration for later generations of human
society and for the extention of democracy in all other countries.
On one side, democracy embodies a special philosophical and political meaning, a
social state and dominion that touches the whole pyramid of the society from the

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