The language factor in the creation of the nation, the Albanian language factor in the formation of the Albanian nation

AuthorLiburn Mustafa
Balkan Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
IIPCCL Publishing, Graz-Austria
ISSN 2410-759X
Acces online at
Vol. 5 No.2
September, 2019
The language factor in the creation of the nation, the Albanian language
factor in the formation of the Albanian nation
PhD (C.) Liburn Mustafa
Contemporary Social Sciences- South East European University,Tetovo, Macedonia
The nation is nowadays conceived as the "best" community for the functioning of the political
system. What makes the nation important is that each of these nations has the right of self-
determination either within the existing nation-state or as a separate nation-state. We can say
that since the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution, the nation as a cultural and
political community has been among the most important forces in world politics. The birth of
nations is considered as a long and inevitable historical-political process, since the a rmation
of national identities against other identities is associated with certain social constellations.
The nation is now "unbreakable," because a return to pre-modern loyalties and identities is
unimaginable and impossible at the same time. But what made the nation as an important
and uncontested community is its treatment of nationalism as a political credo. Nationalism
is closely related to the birth and development of nations, namely "nationalism is the one
that creates nations and not vice-versa", so the nationalist principle uses, exploits, drives a
multitude of traditions, customs, glorious historical events inherited from the past, to build
common social entities. Thus, the XIX century is considered the century of the birth of nations
for many people of the world, for Albanians this period marks a new era as well, that of
"national awakening". These events took place during the collapse of the O oman Empire, the
dissolution of feudal relations, the beginning of the trade economy, and especially the constant
awakening of national conscience and to other people of the Balkan peninsula as well. The
new events, that emerged in Albania's political and cultural life in the early 19th century,
marked the beginning of the era of the Albanian National Renaissance, namely the birth of
the Albanian nation through language as the most important cultural criteria for national
uni cation. So, what is seen as speci c to Albanian nationalism is that, it would be re ned by
relying mainly on language as a criterion rather than on religion, as in the case of nationalisms
of other Balkan nations. The Albanian language was the most unifying element among the
Albanians of that time, against the neighboring people and other existing identities. Thus,
in the following pages, we will consider the reasons and the causes of the formation of the
Albanian nation through linguistic criteria as a speci c speci city of the Albanian nation.
Introduction and methodology
The issue of language is important for Albanians, as they constitute the only people
in the Balkans with an identity based largely on language. What happened there, was
that in the Albanian case, it was language that became ethnicized instead of religion,
and thus language became a national ideology and a unifying element over other
existing identities. As Naim Frashëri, one of the most important gures of the Albanian
National Renaissance, says that “Every nation has its own language. Language is
what divides people into nations.” So, what will be argued in this paper is that the
Albanian political elite or the Albanian nationalists regarded the Albanian nation as a
human community with common origin, blood relation, culture and language as an

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