The positive effects of ABA therapy in reducing aggressive behavior in children with ASD, 3 - 6 years old

AuthorJonida Mustafaraj
Position'A. Xhuvani' University of Elbasan
Pages146-156
146
Vol. 2 No. 3
January, 2017
Balkan Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
IIPCCL Publishing, Tirana-Albania
ISSN 2410-759X
Acces online at www.iipccl.org
The positive eT ects of ABA therapy in reducing aggressive behavior in
children with ASD, 3 - 6 years old
PhD (C.) Jonida Mustafaraj
“A. Xhuvani” University of Elbasan
Abstract
Applied Behavior Analysis is a process of systematically applying interventions based upon
the principles of learning theory to improve socially signif‌i cant behaviors to a meaningful
degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are responsible for the
improvement in behavior(Baer, Wolf &Risley, 1968). ABA has been used to help individuals
acquire many diT erent skills, such as language skills, self-help skills, and play skills; in
addition, these principles can help to decrease maladaptive behaviors such as aggression,
self-stimulatory behaviors, and self-injury. Challenging behaviors represent some of the most
concerning and stressful features of autism.
This study has investigated the eT ectiveness of ABA therapy in minimizing aggressive behavior
in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ADS) , 3 - 6 years old. The aim of this study is
to record the importance of the positive eT ects of ABA Therapy in minimizing aggression
in children with ADS, 3-6 years old. The study sample consisted of 6 childrens withADS.
Children are treated with ABA Therapy at age 3 years. Currently children are 6 years old.
Children involved in the study have had a high level of aggressive behavior when they have
been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ADS). Sample selection was carried out in
Autism Center in the city of Elbasan. For the methodology of this study are used qualitative
methods. The collection of data for this study was conducted in a period of 3 years.
Results of this study showed that 75% of the cases included in the study diagnosed with ADS
and treated with ABA Therapy by age 3-6 years the level of aggressiveness of the very high
level is reduced to moderate in 65 % of cases.
Keywords: ABA Therapy; Autism Spectrum Disorder (ADS) ;Early Childhood ; Aggression.
Introduction
Overview of the problem of study
Applied Behavior Analysis is a process of systematically applying interventions
based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially signif‌i cant behaviors
to a meaningful degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are
responsible for the improvement in behavior (Baer, Wolf &Risley, 1968). ABA has
been used to help individuals acquire many diT erent skills, such as language skills,
self-help skills, and play skills; in addition, these principles can help to decrease
maladaptive behaviors such as aggression, self-stimulatory behaviors, and self-injury.
ABA is focused on positive reinforcement strategies. It can help children who are
having diU culty learning or acquiring new skills. It can also address problem
behaviors that interfere with functioning through a process called “functional
behavioral assessment.” The principles and methods of behavior analysis have been
applied eT ectively in many circumstances to develop a wide range of skills in learners
with and without disabilities.

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