Twenty Years Later: The Legacy of the Tampere Conclusions

AuthorKimmo Nuotio
ProfessionProfessor of criminal law at the University of Helsinki, Finland
Kimmo Nuotio
e Tampere Summit was a milestone as was the entering into
force of the Lisbon Treaty ten years ago. It is the right time today
to reect on both what has been achieved as well as on what should
be done in the years to come.1 In fact, when we read the Tampere
conclusions today, we nd surprisingly many ideas which con-
tinue to be relevant today. Tampere not only set the AFSJ high on
the political agenda, but we nd important references to a com-
mitment to European values as well: human rights, democratic
institutions, rule of law.
e development of EU in its legal dimensions has some inter-
esting features. ere have been times of rapid development, and
preceded or followed again maybe by years of slow progress. AFSJ
has not been an exception. Oen, in order to move fast, a sense
of crises has been needed. e rst years of the new Millenium
were marked by a determination as regards AFSJ policies. e
dierence compared to the Maastricht era, when rather little was
achieved, was signicant. e ght against terrorism and the meas-
ures against organized crime, two high-prole criminal law topics,
were suddenly very much in the focus. e framework decision
1 As regards a rst such review, please refer to Frände, D., Liukkunen, U.,
Sankari, S. and E. Storskrubb (2006).
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