Vertical jump to female & male volleyball players in Albania

AuthorEnkeleida Lleshi
PositionSports University of Tirana
Pages65-70
Vo
l.
6
N
o
.
3
N
ovember
,
2020
ISS
N 2410-391
8
A
cces online at www.ii
p
ccl.or
g
65
A
cademic Journal o
f
Business,
A
dministration, Law and Social Sciences
II
PCCL Publishin
g
, Graz-
A
ustria
Vertical
j
ump to female & male volleyball players in Albani
a
n
L
s
S
ports
U
niversity o
f
Tirana
Abs
tr
ac
t
A
ims: The reason of this study is the evaluation of the “Vertical Jump” and other parameters
o
f
the
A
lbanian National Championship volleyball players
f
emale & male. The per
f
ormance
p
ro ling of volleyball players is important to distinguish the anthropometric and
p
hysicalcharacteristics from other sports. Methods: Volleyball players were tested in di erent
p
eriods before and a er the training with their coaches. Subjects were 10 Female (F) mean
a
ge 19.1 years old and 10 Male (M) mean age 19.8 years old. They evaluated us; Body Height
(BH), Body Mass (BM
I
%), Body Weight (BW), Squat Jump(SJ), Countermovement Jump(CMJ)
a
nd Drop Jump 40cm (DJ). Result
:
Di erences were seen to individual volleyball players
b
etween two periods, before and a er the testing. From the obtained data of the test was
observed even the e ect of the training that these athletes have done for the jumping level,
a
ssessment of explosive strength and maximum power. Conclusions: The obtained results
s
uggest changes in sporting performance of “vertical jump” in the force se ings, speed and
p
ower. The evaluation of these tests is one of the key features of a vertical jump as one of the
s
peci c technical element in the game on air in the sport of volleyball.
Ke
y
words: volleyball, drop jump, female & male, squat-countermovement jump
.
I
ntr
oduc
t
io
n
Volle
y
ball is one o
f
the most
p
o
p
ular s
p
orts in the world but also
q
uite develo
p
ed in
o
ur countr
y
A
lbania.Various studies have been conducted in volle
y
ball according to
d
i
erent age grou
p
s on the technical elements o
f
volle
y
ball.
E
valuations are conducted
i
n su
pp
ort o
f
this s
p
ort and the individual and we have realized that the vertical jum
p
i
s a necessar
y
element
f
or the volle
y
ball
p
la
y
ers. To develo
p
ed this stud
y
, we have
u
sed the
f
acilities o
f
the
U
niversit
y
o
f
S
p
orts in Tirana and its res
p
ective laboratories
of
Ph
y
siolog
y
and Biomechanics where tests are develo
p
ed with advanced e
q
ui
p
ment
and GFRP “Leonardo”
p
lat
f
orm.
I
n collective s
p
orts as volle
y
ball,
f
ootball, basketball
b
esides other technical elements that these kind o
f
s
p
orts contain it is seen even the
f
unctioning o
f
the element “vertical jum
p
”. The e
ects o
f
jum
p
trainings have been
studied b
y
various authors; the
y
have
f
ound out that man
y
high jum
p
s can be greatl
y
i
m
p
roved using
p
l
y
ometric jum
p
s. The be er
p
er
f
ection o
f
a “vertical jum
p
” can be
achieved b
y
training with the certain order to increase the height o
f
the jum
p
, the
h
igh level o
f
the muscular activit
y
b
y
increasing the growth o
f
cargo in the stretch
f
aze o
f
the vertical jum
p
.
O
ne o
f
the training methods that the coaches use during
the
p
re
p
arator
y
p
eriod o
f
the athletes are the
p
l
y
ometric exercises. These exercises
i
nc
l
u
d
e ra
p
i
d
eccentric an
d
concentric movement to increase musc
l
e strengt
h
so t
h
e
y
c
an
p
er
f
orm an e
cient jum
p
(Komi&Bosco,1978). The main
p
ur
p
ose o
f
this stud
y
i
s to evaluate the chan
g
es and the e
ects that trainin
g
with the coaches caused to

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