Violence against women and domestic violence in relation to the Istanbul Convention

AuthorNicole Mathé
10 Violence against women and domestic violence in relation to the Istanbul
10.1 General (legal) context
10.1.1 Surveys and reports on issues of violence against wom en and domestic violence
There are no specific surveys or reports on issues of violence against women and domestic
violence, but the fifth country report of Liechtenstein to the CEDAW19 shall be mentioned.
Some information abou t interventions of the police in cases of domestic violence from
2001 to 2016 are listed; the numb ers and the kind of intervention made by the police is
briefly shown in two charts.
10.1.2 Overview of national acts on violence against women, domestic violence and issues
related to the Istanbul Convention
The main legislation is laid down in the Penal Code (StGB) and th e Penal Procedure Code
(StPO)20 as well as in the Act on Aid for victims (OHG).21
10.1.3 National provisions on online violence and online harassment
National provisions on the topic were amended in the Penal C ode in 2019.22 According to
Article 107(c) StGB, continued harassment via electronic c ommunication or computer
systems is punished by up to one year imprisonment or a fine. Pursuant to Article 203
StGB, someone who sexually harasses a person grossly and verbally by means of
information or commu nication technologies is punished by imprisonment of up to six
months or a fine. Furthermore, anyone who incites hate speech or discrimination, publicly
disseminates ideologies of systematic defamation of persons or violates human dignity by
discriminating against a person is punished by up to two years of imprisonment for
discrimination on the grounds of gender, and the same punishment applies to anyone who
does this via electronic media (Article 283 StGB).
10.1.4 Political and societal debate
There is some political and societal debate on the topic. In cooperation with various NGOs,
the Government participates in the yearly campaign 16 days against violence to women
from 25 November to 10 December. This campaign aims at raising th e awareness of the
public on the topic of violence against women, making people more familiar with the
helplines and offering ways for non-violent solutions.
10.2 Ratification of the Istanbul Convention
Liechtenstein signed the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating
violence against women and domestic vi olence, called the Istanb ul Conventi on, on 10
November 2016 in Stra sbourg. The Istanbul Convention is the first legally binding pan-
European instrument aiming to protect women and girls in particular from any form of
violence and particularly from domestic violence. By signing the Convention, after a formal
decision by the Government on 5 October 2016, Liechtenstein sent a clear sign of
supporting the aim of the Convention.
The main points of the Istanbul Convention are the prevention of violence against women,
the protection of victims and the consequent pursuit of the crimes under this Convention.
A working group nominated by the Government in March 2016 has examined the prevailing
19 See, pp. 14-16.
20 State Gazette, LGBl. 2012/26.
21 State Gazette, LGBl. 2007/228.
22 State Gazette, LGBl. 2016/14 and 2019/124.

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