Violence against women and domestic violence in relation to the Istanbul Convention

AuthorPavlou, Vera
10 Violence against women and domestic violence in relation to the Istanbul
10.1 General (legal) context
10.1.1 Surveys and reports on issues of violence against women and domestic violence
The Association for the Prevention and Handling of Violence in the Family (SPAVO)
disseminates data related to domestic violence; data is collected based on cases reported
to the association. Based on data collected in 2017, the association reported that in 89 %
of cases of domestic violence, women were the victims , while in the cle ar majority of the
cases, the perpet rator was someone known to the victim. Of the cases reported, 54 %
concerned physical and psychological violence, 11 % involved sexual v iolence, an d 4 %
concerned harassment.
10.1.2 Overview of national acts on violence against women, domestic violence and issues
related to the Istanbul Convention
Law 119(I)/2000 on domestic violence concerns the protection of victims.
10.1.3 National provisions on online violence and online harassment
There are no specific provisions regulating online violence and online harassment of
women and girls.
10.1.4 Political and societal debate
There is political and societal debate on the issue of domestic violence and of violence
against women more br oadly. The adoption of the Istanbul Conven tion gave visibility to
the issues. The equality body has recently organised a series of seminars with public
authorities on the issue of harassment and sexual harassment at work. These seminars
did not extend to or involve private employers.
10.2 Ratification of the Istanbul Convention
Cyprus ratified the Istanbul Convention on 10 November 2017 with Law 14(111)2017.
However, Cyprus filed reservations in relation to Article 30(2) concerning compensation to
victims, Article 44 paras 1(e), 3 and 4 concerning jurisdiction and Article 59 concerning
granting residence permits to third-country national women who a re victims of gender-
based violence. The reservations limit the Con vention’s potential impact and have been
criticised by feminist organisations and MPs from various political parties. Even though
these reservations were expected to be in place for two years, i.e. until the end of 2019,
no steps have been taken to lift them.
Two related laws, one on the criminalisation of violence against wom en and a second on
the criminalisation of harassment and stalking of women, are still p ending in Parliament.

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