Violence against women and domestic violence in relation to the Istanbul Convention

AuthorKoldinská, Kristina
Pages53-53
53
10 Violence against women and domestic violence in relation to the Istanbul
Convention
10.1 General (legal) context
10.1.1 Surveys and reports on issues of violence against women and domestic violence
Recent reports and surveys on violence against women and domestic violence have been
gathered in an information booklet published by the Government and entitled The
European Convention on Violence against Women and Domestic Violence Myths and
Facts.81
10.1.2 Overview of national acts on violence against women, domestic violence and
issues related to the Istanbul Convention
The following acts tackle violence against women, domestic violence and issues related
to the Istanbul Convention:
Act No. 40/2009 Coll., Penal Code;82
Act No. 141/1961 Coll., Penal Procedure Code;83
Act No. 45/2013 Coll., on victims of crimes;84
Act No. 108/2006 Coll., on social services.85
10.1.3 National provisions on online violence and online harassment
Online violence and onl ine harassment is tackled by the same legislation, there is no
special legislation (meaning act).
10.1.4 Political and societal debate
The political and public debate on the Istanbul Convention has been and still is very
emotional. Even though Czechia is n ot a very religious country, church es, especially the
Catholic church (or parts of it), have vehemently attacked the Istanbul Convention,
arguing that, if it is ratified, the traditional Czech family will be dismantled and people
will be afraid to tell to their children that they are boys or girls and educate them as
boys or girls. Many people, including Christian intellectuals, oppose these arguments .
10.2 Ratification of the Istanbul Convention
In February 2016 the Government agreed to sign the IC and start the ratification
process. The IC was signed in May 2016 and was expected to be ratified by mid-2018.86
The IC has been str ongly rejected by some representatives of Christian churches and
some MPs have led quite a strong campaign agai nst it. It does not seem likely that the
Istanbul Convention will be ratified soon.
81 Vláda ČR (2018) Úmluva Rady Evropy o prevenci a potírání násilí vči ženám a domácího násilí: mýty a
fakta. Available at: www.vlada.cz/assets/ppov/rovne-prilezitosti-zen-a-
muzu/Projekt_OPZ/Vystupy_projektu/Brozura-Umluva-proti-nasili-na-zenach-FINAL.pdf.
82 Zákon č. 40/2009 Sb., trestní zákoník. Available at: https://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2009-40.
83 Zákon č. 141/1961 Sb., o trestním ízení soudním (trestní ád). Available at:
https://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/1961-41.
84 Zákon č. 45-2013 Sb., o obtech trestných čin a o zmn nkterých zákon (zákon o obtech trestných
čin). Available at: https://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2013-45.
85 Zákon č. 108/2006 Sb., o sociálních službách. Available at: https://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2006-108.
86 See the press release by the Government at: www.vlada.cz/cz/ppov/rovne-prilezitosti-zen-a-
muzu/aktuality/ceska-republika-podepsala-istanbulskou-umluvu-proti-nasili-na-zenach--143594/.

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