Annex I Comparison of procedures under Appropriate Assessment and EIA/SEA

Comparison of procedures under Appropriate Assessment (AA), EIA and SEA
Which types of
are targeted?
Any plan or project
which – either individually
or in combination with
other plans/projects – is
likely to have a signif‌icant
ef‌fect on a Natura 2000
site (excluding plans or
projects directly connected
to the conservation
management of the site).
All projects listed in Annex I.
For projects listed in Annex II
the need for an EIA shall be
determined on a case-by-case
basis or through thresholds or
criteria set by Member States
(taking into account criteria in
Annex III).
All plans and programmes, or
amendments thereof, which:
(a) are subject to preparation
and/or adoption by an authority
and national, regional and local
(b) are required by legislative,
regulatory or administrative
(c) are prepared for
agriculture, forestry, f‌isheries,
energy, industry, transport,
waste management,
water management,
telecommunications, tourism,
town and country planning or
land use and set the framework
for future development consent
of projects listed in Annexes I and
II to the EIA Directive; or
which, in view of the likely ef‌fect
on sites, have been determined to
require an assessment pursuant
What impacts
need to be
relevant to
The assessment should
be made in view of the
site’s conservation
objectives (which relate
to the species/ habitat
types for which the site
was designated).
The impacts should be
assessed to determine
whether or not they
will adversely af‌fect
the integrity of the site
Direct and indirect, secondary,
cumulative, transboundary,
short, medium and long-term,
permanent and temporary,
positive and negative signif‌icant
ef‌fects on population and
human health; biodiversity,
with particular attention to
species and habitats protected
under Directive 92/43/EEC and
soil, water, air and climate and
landscape; material assets,
cultural heritage and the
landscape; and the interaction
between these factors.
Likely signif‌icant ef‌fects on
the environment, including on
issues such as biodiversity,
population, human health,
fauna, f‌lora, soil, water, air,
climatic factors, material assets,
cultural heritage including
architectural and archaeological
heritage, landscape and the
interrelationship between the
above factors.

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